Tom15 6 years ago. Cloudless Sulphur (female) Phoebis sennae Cloudless Sulphur - Phoebis sennae - BugGuide.Net. The Cloudless Sulphur or Cloudless Giant Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) is a midsized butterfly in the family Pieridae found in the New World. Sleepy Orange butterflies, mating These butterflies migrate from breeding grounds in the northern U.S. to overwintering grounds in the southern U.S. each year. Cloudless Sulphur. HABITAT. Food Habits Larval food plants included exotic and native members of the pea family, particularly Cassia (several species, now under the genus Senna ), also Crotalaria and Robinia (Ferris and Brown 1981; … The Cloudless sulphur can be found year-round in Argentina, the West Indies and the southern United States (southern Texas to the Southeast), but migrating populations may extend all the way to Colorado, New Jersey or even Canada during the summer months. Similar Species: Orange-barred Sulphur. The Cloudless Sulphur cannot survive northern winters, and is considered a stray in Wisconsin. White females of this species and the Orange Sulphur are nearly impossible to differentiate in the field. A Cloudless Sulphur male displaying that nice pale yellow-green coloring. IDENTIFICATION: Upper surface of male is lemon yellow with no markings. comName: Cloudless Sulphur by Paul Hart => Raven Rock State Park, 2004-10-01, male top [View PDF] Click to enlarge [Google Images] BoA : sciName: Phoebis sennae: Link to BAMONA species account. There are several similar species such as the yellow angled-sulphur (Anteos maerula), which has angled wings, statira sulphur (Aphrissa statira), and other sulphurs, which are much smaller. Habitat It is most common in the eastern United States and southern portions of the western United States, but it has been spotted as far north as Canada. The caterpillars are often considered elusive pests, because they turn green when eating green leaves and turn yellow when eating yellow flowers. Sleepy Oranges use the same food plants for their caterpillars, and I have so far seen the same preference for Wild Senna rather than Partridge Pea at this location. Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae. Individuals can grow to 67.5 mm. It will wander farther north in spring and summer, even into Canada on occasion, but the numbers begin to thin around Pennsylvania and New York. Habitat: Widely found in all types of open areas and cultivated fields. Migrates in late summer and early fall. Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae. Larvae feed on wild senna (Cassia) species. Phoebis sennae, the cloudless sulphur or cloudless giant sulphur, is a mid-sized butterfly in the family Pieridae found in the New World.There are several similar species such as the yellow angled-sulphur (Anteos maerula), which has angled wings, statira sulphur (Aphrissa statira), and other sulphurs, which are much smaller. Cloudless Sulphur butterflies are found in almost all of the mainland United States. The extent of the markings on the lower side varies, with females more heavily marked and some males virtually unmarked. Females have some black marginal markings. HABITAT. 7 Comments Cloudless Sulphur caterpillar eating leaflet of Wild Senna (Senna hebecarpa) At Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve they are sharing a habitat with Sleepy Orange butterflies, who are usually resident here from July through September, nectaring on a broad variety of flowers, mating, and laying eggs. Photo by Drees. Below: Male FW and HW bright yellow with small dark and white spots. Common Name: Cloudless sulfur Scientific Name: Phoebis sennae eubule (Linnaeus) Order: Lepidoptera Description: One of the larger sulfur butterfly species, wingspan of butterflies can be over 3 inches.Males are brilliant yellow above with no markings. In … More abundant in coastal areas. 1400 Independence Ave., SW
Range/Abundance: Common in most of the region. Identification: Medium—2.5" (much larger than Clouded Sulphur). Characteristics: Larger than our other sulfur butterflies. Cloudless Sulphur | Alice Mary Herden | August 2019. Autumn populations rise to astonishing numbers as northern migrants join local populations. The Cloudless Sulphur cannot survive northern winters, and is considered a stray in Wisconsin. Green larva of Cloudless on Sennae, Linnaeus Learning Gardens, Tulsa, OK. mid September. Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) Butterflies Habitat and Habits The common habitats of this butterfly are open spaces, gardens, glades, seashores, and watercourses. Food . Cloudless Sulphur is a tropical and subtropical species that breeds from South America to the southern border of the US. They feed on plants that are poisonous allowing them to accumulate toxins in their body, making them less palatable to predators. Below, Pink-edged Sulphurs lack the faint row of black marginal spots and have just a single central spot. Theyare mostly seen on sunny days usually flying within a meter above the ground. Male sulphur butterflies also display some seasonal dimorphism. The sulphur butterfly, often known as the cloudless sulphur butterfly, is a large yellow butterfly found throughout most of the mainland United States. The caterpillar stages feed on leaves of alfalfa and soybeans, growing to 1-1/2 inch long with green bodies marked on each side with a thin white stripe in which a finer red line occurs. The Cloudless Sulphur can be found in a variety of habitats such as roadsides, parks, residential areas, gardens and fields. Distinguishing features: The large, lemon-yellow, unmarked wings of the Cloudless Sulphur make it easy to identify in the field. Habitat The Cloudless Sulphur is found in open areas and in Massachusetts primarily occurs coastally in dunes, salt marshes, and adjacent scrub growth and gardens. Caterpillars eat Cassia species in the pea family (Fabaceae). This is going to be a great subject to go more into detail for my magazine! The butterfly feeds on nectar from many different flowers with long tubes including Cordia, Bougainvilla, Hibiscus, Lantana, and wild Morning Glory. Its genus name is derived from the name of the Greek god Apollo’s sister, Phoebe. Courtesy of S. Peregrine Johnson. The species does not stray to Wisconsin every year, and it should be considered a rare find. The habitat is any open area. Females have some black marginal markings. The sulphur butterfly, often known as the cloudless sulphur butterfly, is a large yellow butterfly found throughout most of the mainland United States. Females have some black marginal markings. Caterpillars hatching from eggs develop through several stages before forming a smooth chrysalis suspended from a plant stem by its base and a silk thread. The cloudless sulphur is basically a butterfly of warm climes. There are three broods from March to November. Clouded sulphurs often get confused for cloudless sulphurs, in both name and appearance. Rarely seen basking with open wings. Female is darker yellow with many larger, purplish spots. ... Habitat. Constitution & By-laws; Annual Reports; Board Minutes; Birding . These butterflies prefer plants such as Cassia Though they’re a more southern species, they usually spread north to cover most of the eastern U.S. in the summer months. The cloudless Sulphur may not have any difference of coloration for majority of wing but sometimes has a slight darker area along the margin, usually more evident on the fore wing. The Clouded Sulphur is a species of small to medium-sized butterflies that are spread across much of North America. Cloudless sulphurs roost at night and during storms, finding just the right spot on a yellow leaf, or one with a reddish hue, where they can blend in and hide from predators. Habitat: Open areas, including prairies, old fields, roadsides, and gardens. Sleepy Orange butterflies, mating Sometimes, sulphurs interbreed. The habitat is any open area. Females have small dark marks along the wing margins. Female is yellow or white; outer edges of both wings with irregular black borders; upper forewing with dark spot in cell. Cloudless Sulphur on Wild Senna (Senna hebecarpa) laying egg opposite leaf where a Sleepy Orange caterpillar is hiding These two butterfly species have a lot in common. The males are typically solid yellow, while the females are yellow with a black border on their wings and a dark spot at the center of each forewing. Yellow caterpillar that has been feeding on Senna corymbosa flowers. Winter forms are typically larger and have darker markings. In late summer, cloudless sulphurs from as far north as Canada begin moving southward. 2000). Before metamorphosing into an adult sulphur butterfly, the caterpillar feeds on leaves and flowers, especially those of the Senna and Cassia genus. A male cloudless sulphur butterfly nectars at a flower in an east Tulsa garden on Thursday, September 8, 2016. Sulphur butterflies have an average wingspan of about 2-3 inches. Thirty six species of Pieridae, butterflies called “whites” or “sulfurs” occur in Texas. However, the cloudless sulphur displays the most spectacular of these seasonal movements. Cloudless Sulphur is larger than most sulphurs, but not as large as the Angled-Sulphurs. Conservation Status: Secure. Photo by Charles J Sharp [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Theyare mostly seen on sunny days usually flying within a meter above the ground. Photo by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Sleepy Oranges use the same food plants for their caterpillars, and I have so far seen the same preference for Wild Senna rather than Partridge Pea at this location. However, the vast range and relatively abundant populations of the sulphur butterfly suggest that this beautiful species is thriving and will be here for some time to come. Range and Habitat. It is most common in the eastern United States and southern portions of the western United States, but it has been spotted as far north as Canada. Cloudless Sulphur. Though they’re a more southern species, they usually spread north to cover most of the eastern U.S. in the summer months. BOM-MBC 1992-2013 records show Cloudless Sulphur reaching the state in 14 of these 22 years (Chart 12). Project Noah is a tool that nature lovers can use to explore and document local wildlife and a common technology platform that research groups can use to harness the power of citizen scientists everywhere. Mailstop Code: 1103
Learn more about this species and how to attract and support it. Literature: Howe 1975; Neck 1996; Wright 1993. So helping the clouded sulphur is a great excuse to leave dandelions and clover in your yard. Thecreature is abundantly spread across its habitat and has been marked by … Habitat Preservation & Seed Sale; HCBC Officers & Committees; In Memoriam; Annual Member Survey; Club Records. The cloudless sulphur is larger than other Missouri sulphurs. Large yellow Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) butterflies are found in the entire eastern half of the United States as well as the southern part of the western United States. Forewing apices are rounded, not hooked. Phoebis sennae, the cloudless sulphur or cloudless giant sulphur, is a mid-sized butterfly in the family Pieridae found in the New World. Rating Content; Positive: On Nov 23, 2017, lightyellow from Ponte Vedra Beach, FL wrote: I think these have surprisingly long tongues because they nectar at my firespikes and are the only butterflies to do so (even the zebra longwings, which can reach firebushes, do not). In Florida, they frequently nectar at the red morning-glories, scarlet creeper (Ipomoea hederifolia) and cypressvine (Ipomoea quamoclit) (Convolvulaceae), and also at scar… Range: Permanent resident from Argentina north to southern Texas and the Deep South. May have been a male, as it flew about very rapidly. Alfalfa caterpillar, Colias eurytheme Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), adult. Flight Period: The Cloudless Sulfur is multiple brooded, adults flying from February to December. Sexually dimorphic. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Thecreature is abundantly spread across its habitat and has been marked by … The Pink-edged Sulphur could also be confused with this species. Habitat: Found dancing between yards and landscaping beds in a forested suburban neighborhood. The Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) is a member of the Pieridae family, which includes the even more common Cabbage White. Uncommon in WV and the northern mountains. The cloudless sulphur butterfly is diurnal and can be found in a range of habitats such as disturbed areas for example parks, fields and yards, beaches, road edges, gardens, abandoned fields and watercourses. The Clouded Sulphur is a species of small to medium-sized butterflies that are spread across much of North America. Because they are large yellow active butterflies, Cloudless Sulphur butterflies quickly attract our attention in our gardens. ... Habitat. Green larva of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). However, cloudless sulphurs are most common in the southern U.S. and Mexico. Caterpillars, 1 inch long when fully grown, are pale yellowish green with yellow stripes along their sides. Habitat: Open areas, including prairies, old fields, roadsides, and gardens. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE
Adults have a 2 inch wingspan and wings are yellow to orange-yellow with black markings along the wing margins (on males, markings are solid and in females, black markings are interrupted by spots). Open areas, including … Cloudless sulphur nectaring leopard lilly, Arkansas River Valley, July 2013. Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae. They have exceptionally long tongues that allow them to reach the nectar of even the longest and narrowest flowers. Cloudless Sulphur is common statewide. Club Programs & Field Trips; Birding Howard County, MD. HABITAT AND ACTIVITY. Family name: Pieridae/Whites and Sulphurs General description: Male clear yellow.Female yellow to white-green with darker spots along wing margins; forewing with round hollow cell spot. Jun 9, 2020 - The cloudless sulphur is one of those species that put the "butter" in butterfly! Females have small dark marks along the wing margins. Phoebis sennae (Cloudless Sulphur) is a species of butterflies in the family Pieridae. A pink edging to both wings combined with white-centred dots also on both wings is diagnostic of female P. sennae.Males are plain yellow above and yellow with some reddish markings below making it very similar to some Aphrissa species. Life history. Habitat: Wide variety of open weedy tropical and subtropical situations. Life Cycle: Adults overwinter in south Texas. Males patrol a range in search of receptive females. Cloudless Sulphur is common statewide. One of the greatest threats to these and other migrating butterflies is the destruction and loss of habitat caused by human development and improper environmental management. Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae. Habitat and Food Source(s): Caterpillars have chewing mouthparts. The hostplants are Coffeeweed (Senna obtusifolia) (Abundant) and Septicweed (Senna occidentalis). Common Name: Cloudless sulfur During fall, sulphur butterflies abandon their breeding sites in the northern reaches of the United States and travel south to Florida and other parts of the southern United States There they reside until the end of winter when they can again return north to the same breeding sites as the year before. Description: One of the larger sulfur butterfly species, wingspan of butterflies can be over 3 inches. Each body segment is also marked with rows of black dots. The hostplants are Coffeeweed (Senna obtusifolia) (Abundant) and Septicweed (Senna occidentalis). Habitat: Several of these were flying around low on the ground and landing on bushes in an open woodland. Relative Abundance Today. The dorsal (top) side is mostly unmarked, although females have a thin black border and two spots near the leading edge of the forewing. Adults have siphoning mouths. Pest Status, Damage: Harmless, migrating species. The Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) is a member of the Pieridae family, which includes the even more common Cabbage White. Both Senna and Cassia are poisonous, which allows the caterpillars to accumulate a toxic deterrent to would-be predators. Another subspecies, Phoebis sennae marcellina (Cramer), occurs in the Rio Grande Valley. Cloudless sulphur butterflies are found in open areas in the Mississippi Delta. Distribution and habitat: Scattered throughout the southern half of Iowa where it favors a variety of open habitats, including old fields, roadsides, and prairies. We often talk about the need to keep some “weeds” in your yard as habitat and food sources, and the clouded sulphur needs two of the most dreaded “weeds.” Adults love dandelions, and its caterpillar’s host plant is white clover. Ventral forewing and hindwing with pink-bordered silvery cell spots; females with additional pinkish-brown spots on … The head is to the left. Family name: Pieridae/Whites and Sulphurs General description: Male clear yellow.Female yellow to white-green with darker spots along wing margins; forewing with round hollow cell spot. Cloudless Sulphur is common statewide. Sep 16, 2020 - cloudless sulphur love. Notes: The Cloudless Sulphur cannot survive northern winters, and is considered a stray in Wisconsin. See more ideas about Sulphur, Butterfly, Butterfly garden. The Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly is a species of medium-sized, bright yellow butterflies that are spread across a large area covering the two Americas, in three different subspecies. The scientific name of the cloudless sulphur comes from Phoebe, the sister of Apollo, and the senna genus of plants. Habitat in Montana not described but probably similar. In addition to the cloudless sulphur, the list includes the red admiral, common buckeye, American lady and long-tailed skipper, to name a few. Description 7 Upper surface of male is lemon yellow with no markings. Adults of the alfalfa caterpillar, Colias eurytheme Boisduval, are commonly seen sulfur butterflies. Common Name: Cloudless sulfur Scientific Name: Phoebis sennae eubule (Linnaeus) Order: Lepidoptera Description: One of the larger sulfur butterfly species, wingspan of butterflies can be over 3 inches.Males are brilliant yellow above with no markings. Female is yellow or white; outer edges of both wings with irregular black borders; upper forewing with dark spot in cell. Photograph by Jerry Butler, University of Florida. Early Date: March 22 (Catoosa County); Late Date: November 5 (Dade County). Habitat: Disturbed open areas including parks, yards, gardens, beaches, road edges, abandoned fields, scrub. Cloudless Sulphur is a tropical and subtropical species that breeds from South America to the southern border of the US. Adult male, Phoebis sennae, dorsal view. Its range extends from Argentina, through South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean into the deep south of the United States. In Louisiana, the primary host is the Partridge pea, Chamaecrista cinerea). During the day, they hide in a “tent” made of cassia leaves webbed together with silk. Habitat . They have relatively long tongues and can reach the nectar of some tubular flowers that some other butterflies cannot (May 1992). Caterpillars grow thousands of times their hatchling size before pupating. There is some sexual dimorphism between male and female sulphur butterflies. The Pink-edged Sulphur could also be confused with this species. HABITAT AND ACTIVITY. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Photo by Donald Hall, University of Florida, Photograph by Jerry Butler, University of Florida, Featured Creatures, Entomology & Nematology, University of Florida - cloudless sulphur butterfly, Butteflies and Moths of North America - Cloudless Sulphur, Butterfly Fun Facts - Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly - Phoebis sennae, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Broods are continuous in the eastern half of Texas. The Cloudless Sulphur is one of the most common and conspicuous butterfly species in Alabama.