Top Answer. The opulent Stanford mansion burned to the ground in the unremitting San Francisco fire of 1906. . They formed the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1870 to purchase and build railroad lines south from San Francisco. See also: California, Central Pacific Railroad, Monopolies, Railroad Industry, Transcontinental Railroad. Despite this loss Stanford continued to pursue a career in politics and in 1859 he ran for governor of California but lost again. Stanford joined them in 1852 and soon began making enormous sums of money by selling equipment to miners in northern California. Leland Stanford: War Governor of California, Railroad Builder and Founder of Stanford University. Reprint, Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1967-71. After finishing school he began working in a law office and he was admitted to the bar in 1848. ." In 1861 Stanford, together with Mark Hopkins, Collis P. Huntington, and Charles Crocker, formed the Central Pacific Railroad with Stanford as president. As a co-founder and president of the Central Pacific Railroad, Stanford was responsible in part for running one of the most successful transportation monopolies in U.S. history. Politically, Stanford was an effective lobbyist, if not unselfish, on issues of concern to him. But Leland Stanford wanted hard evidence, not pretty pictures, and was offering him $2,000 to produce it. The family could trace its American roots back to Thomas Stanford (or Staniforth), who lived in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1644. Fourteen years later a holding company, the Southern Pacific Company, merged the Southern Pacific Railroad, Central Pacific, and others into one combine. Relevance. "Stanford, Leland This company built a second transcontinental railroad from California to New Orleans. "Leland Stanford What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Encyclopedia.com. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1993. About $ 20 million was sent to the opening of the mentioned educational institution. McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Snow, Richard F. "Biggest of the Four." He later bought a railroad and got money off of that. As a memorial to his deceased 15-year-old son, Stanford established the Leland Stanford, Jr. University in Palo Alto, better known as simply Stanford University, by donating land and funds worth approximately $30 million. Stanford also had a distinguished political career. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Stanford's many interests outside of business and politics included operating the world's largest vineyard at the 59,000-acre Vina Ranch near Sacramento. When did organ music become associated with baseball? 1891: Leland Stanford, Jr. University opened in Palo Alto, California, as a memorial to Stanford's deceased son. As a U.S. He had not spent a year at Harvard before his death, nor was he "accidentally killed." Stanford was reelected to a second term in the U.S. Senate, where he served until his death in 1893 at the age of 69. After moving to California in 1852, Stanford opened a general store to supply miners in the Gold Rush, making a … No recent work on Stanford has appeared. They organized the Southern Pacific Railroad, of which Stanford served as director from 1882 to 1893. American Social Leaders. 1 Answer. If you really are a Stanford student, it is odd that you never noticed that the University is named after his son, Leland Stanford, Jr, who died of typhoid at age 15. In 1861 Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins organized the Central Pacific Railroad, which built east to join the westward-progressing Union Pacific Railroad. He met defeat in a race for Republican state treasurer in 1857, and 2 years later he lost the gubernatorial contest. . replaced as Southern Pacific president. □. ." Web site: http://www.up.com Leland Stanford Junior was just short of his 16th birthday when he died of typhoid fever in Florence, Italy on March 13, 1884. Tutorow, Norman E. Leland Stanford: Man of Many Careers. Who are the famous writers in region 9 Philippines? His brothers helped him establish a mining store in Cold Springs, but it did not do well so he opened a business at Michigan Bluff, which was successful. Others, including Robert Fulton, Edward C. Collins and Leland Stanford, earned their fortune through political entrepreneurship. At first, Muybridge declared the task impossible. Leland Stanford was born on March 9, 1824, in Watervliet, New York, the fifth of eight children. In 1885 he returned to political life and was elected to the United States Senate. Muybridge was able to project the still images so the horse appeared to be moving, an early example of "filmmaking." Much like his future partners, Leland Stanford remade himself in gold rush California as a shopkeeper. Lewis, Oscar, The big four: the story of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the building of the Central Pacific, New York: Arno Press, 1981, 1938. //. The campus featured Spanish mission-style buildings designed by Charles A. Coolidge and landscaping by noted landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. He spent more time at his Vina and Palo Alto ranches and on the education of his son. ." He opposed the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 because it allowed for government regulation of businesses. Menlo Park, California: Pacific Coast Publishers, 1971. The spike was 5 5/8 inches long, weighed 14.03 ounces and was made of 17.6 carat gold. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. The Big Four, as they came to be known, earned an esti… . The Central Pacific laid 1,086 miles of track, while the Union Pacific had built 689, which was advantageous for Central Pacific, because government subsidies were based on mileage. Lewis, Oscar. Instead he moved to California, where his brothers had already settled, to join their business of selling supplies to miners. ." When his term as governor ended in 1863 Stanford devoted all of his energy to the railroad industry. 1861: Elected first Republican governor of California. Leland Stanford (1824–93) was an industrialist and politician who amassed a large fortune from the development of the railroad industry in the west. 16 Oct. 2020 . At that time the Central Pacific began building its part of the transcontinental railroad with construction of tracks eastward from Sacramento, California. When did Elizabeth Berkley get a gap between her front teeth? The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Spent $40,000,000 on building the first transcontinental railroad. The school opened in 1891 and grew to become one of the country's most prestigious universities. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Incorporate…, Collis Potter Huntington He knew the limitations of photographic technology. Stanford served as its president from 1885 to 1890. Congressional Record, 52 Congress, 1 Sess. Much later, in the 1880s, Stanford used his money to found the university that bears his name. 23-25). Encyclopedia of World Biography. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stanford-leland, "Stanford, Leland In 1861 he was successful in his bid for the governorship, taking advantage of a split in the Democratic Party caused by the outbreak of the Civil War. The Big Four, as they came to be known, earned an estimated profit of $54 million from that venture alone. //]]>. When the Leland Stanford, Jr. University opened to students in the fall of 1891, its president was David Starr Jordan from Indiana University. Stanford decided to join three of his brothers in Sacramento, California, where they had a successful business selling mining and agricultural supplies. The company later completed a second transcontinental railroad from California to New Orleans. McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. His administration also encouraged the passage of several acts designed to aid the proposedtranscontinental railroad, in which he had a large financial interest. ." The Big Four had little knowledge of the railroad industry and very little capital to invest in the venture so they relied on their political talents and connections to support the project. 1848: Relocated to Port Huron, Wisconsin, to practice law. 10 years ago. . Wines and Vines, March 1993. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Stanford was not known for his philanthropy but he donated to particular charities to ensure his family name would become an institution. . (Photo: Stanford Archives) Yet there is another side to the boy — one barely known to graduates of the university that bears his name. Collis Potter Huntington (1821-1900), American railroad builder, was a promoter and manager of the Central Pacific Railway a…, Oakes Ames (1804–1873) was a U.S. manufacturer and five-term member of the United States House of Representatives. He stayed there until 1852, when his law office burned down. How did leland Stanford make his money? Stanford also served on minor congressional committees and supported popular legislation such as the exclusion of Chinese laborers, industrial co-operatives, and soft money. Cameras and film of the day were ill suited to capturing motion, which usually showed up as a blur. After he left the governor's office in 1863, he had remained active in influencing legislation in California. Leland Stanford combined his legal knowledge, business ability, and political influence to become one of California's leading citizens in the nineteenth century. [CDATA[ 2012-12-14 18:55:28 2012-12-14 18:55:28. he build railroads. Clark, George Thomas. Encyclopedia.com. Leland and Jane Stanford had one son, Leland, Jr., but he never attended Harvard. 1885: Elected U.S. senator from California. Their policy was one of aggressive defense by which they would prevent competitors from forming other entry points into the state. Stanford used his financial clout to the end of political … When the transcontinental was completed in 1869, Stanford and his associates were some $54 million richer. After 1870 Stanford became less involved in the daily activities of the railroad company and he retreated to his ranch in Palo Alto, California. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Stanford was keenly interested in the boy's education and as a memorial to his son Stanford provided a 20 million-dollar endowment to found the Leland Stanford Junior University in Palo Alto. Today, he'd most likely have bought a sports team." He quit his job to join a wholesale buisiness. An interview with Senator Leland Stanford on Money, pp. With three colleagues, he established the Central Pacific Railroad, which built the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, and served as its president from 1861 until his death in 1893. Stanford married Jane Elizabeth Lathrop of Albany, New York, in 1850. ↩ 43. Web Link. Stanford's role in the Central Pacific is examined in Oscar Lewis, The Big Four (1938). An interview with Senator Leland Stanford on Money, pp. The goal was to complete the project as quickly as possible. Both ranches were eventually donated to Stanford University. Story of the Great American West. Leland Stanford (1824-1893), American railroad builder and politician, was one of the founders of the Central Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads and served as California's governor and then U.S. senator. While he was touring Europe with his parents, he contracted typhus and died in Florence, Italy, at the age of 15. Stanford generated large sums of public money for a company in which he had a major personal interest as a stockholder. The Big Four, as Stanford and his associates were known, went on to pursue other interests in rail and water transportation. However, outside of the railroad industry Stanford's most lasting legacy was the founding of Stanford University in March of 1885, named for his son Leland Stanford, Jr. who had died a year earlier. He was one of the founders of the Central Pacific Railroad Company that helped build the first transcontinental railroad. Stanford was also a noted art collector, acquiring paintings, sculpture, and other art objects to adorn his residences in San Francisco and Palo Alto. He was a successful lawyer and merchant. The university was untraditional for … In addition to the money Stanford gave, he donated his 8,000-acre farm to the school for the raising of horses with the stipulation that none of the land could … Leland Stanford was once governor of California and in 1876, he bought the first of what would become more than 8,000 acres of land on the San Francisco peninsula. He donated most of his money to Stanford University. In 1890 Stanford and Huntington split over Stanford's renewed political ambitions. He then opened a general store in Michigan Bluff. . The state of the Stanford family in the late nineteenth century was estimated at about $ 50 million. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1938. Answer Save. Is it normal to have the medicine come out your nose after a tonsillectomy? : 469-470, January 21, 1892. ↩ 44. Encyclopedia of World Biography. He was the principal financier of…, Union Pacific Railroad, transportation company chartered (1862) by Congress to build part of the nation's first transcontinental railroad line. Stanford handled the legal and governmental affairs of the railroad. After consulting with Charles W. Eliot, the president of Harvard, Stanford established the Leland Stanford, Jr. University in Palo Alto, which opened in 1891. ." Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). He also got a fortune on selling equipment to miners. With three colleagues, he established the Central Pacific Railroad, which built the western portion of the first transcontinental railroad, and served as its president from 1861 until his death in 1893. Stanford's excellent reputation in California allowed the Central Pacific access to considerable sums of construction money. Some rich railroad tycoons during the 1800s received privileged access and funding from the government through the extensive use of lobbyists. A. Sargent on a strictly party vote. A Republican in a predominantly Democratic state, he suffered defeat in 1857 when he ran for state treasurer, and again in 1859 when he ran for governor. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. The amount of money he had donated was about $20 million Stanford persuaded the California legislature to give more than $750,000 to the cash-starved Central Pacific to allow it to build part of the first transcontinental railroad. NBD. 23-25). Around the time when Stanford was elected governor he also became interested in the possibility of building a transcontinental railroad. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Today, the Stanford Court Hotel stands where the mansion was. Nonetheless Stanford personally remained popular among the public. The Big Four profited nicely from this venture, however, great hardships were encountered before the project was accomplished; many lives were lost. After Leland, Jr.'s death, his father decided to establish a university in memory of his son. All Rights Reserved. American Social Leaders. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stanford-leland. They were eventually responsible for building the western half of the first transcontinental railroad. ." THE administration of Theodore Roosevelt was in some respects the first modern presidency. Stanford died in Palo Alto on June 21, 1893. Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane Lathrop Stanford, lost their only child, Leland, Jr., to typhoid in 1884, they decided to build a university as the most fitting memorial, and deeded to it a large fortune that included the 8,180-acre Palo Alto stock farm that became the campus.