However, the seeds should If you want to grow the fiber flax (aka. Flax is ready for harvesting when approximately 75% of the bolls turn a brown color. A pond or through can be used to achieve the same effect in much less time, but with a prodigious odor. Another added bonus is the reduction of early weed emergence. Irrigation should become frequent when the flowers start to turn into seeds. Higher plant populations don’t necessarily increase the yield. Flax with white flowers are more hardy & give more yield of seeds and fiber. be sown in moist soil, at approximately 2.5-4 cm deep, with a row spacing of Full maturity is reached by flax plants when most of the bolls have turned brown. Linus usitatissimum is believed by many historians to have been introduced into England by the Romans; by the 16th century, laws were enacted requiring that a quarter of an acre (one rood) of flax be planted for every sixty acres under cultivation. This way, farmers can obtain a higher good quality yield. Here is great educational video from England in the 1940's explaining the process of turning flax into a fiber. The critical irrigation stage of flax starts from the flowering phase until prior to the seed ripening. Flax has been with humankind long before Europeans' discovery of the Western Hemisphere. However, when it comes to overall environmental impact, flax just about takes the lead. 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The bundles are untied and laid in a field for a few days until they are dried on one side, then turned so the other side can be dried. Flax needs a deep, rich soil, and, like tobacco, quickly depletes the nutrients from the land where it is planted. It is a rich resource used to make specialty papers, fiber for cloth, and linseed oil. Flax Plant Fiber Traits Linen is a bast fiber. If tillage is used, the field should be worked in order to minimize soil drifting and to allow snow trapping for increased moisture in the soil. In Canada, at present, oilseed flax is the main commercially produced crop. Flaxseed has also become really popular for its health benefits. The first step for the preparation of the seedbed is to review the types of crops previously grown in the field and the types of herbicides used. Retting, in which the unwanted fibers are loosened and decomposed, can be achieved in several ways. When the straw comes away easily from the few bent fibers, it is time to grass the flax. However, since environmental-friendly products have become more popular, flax has regained its place in the industry, being used again for linoleum flooring due to its biodegradable and non-allergenic characteristics. The field should be prepared accordingly, to allow flax roots to Irrigation frequency depends on the type of soil and on climatic conditions. Growing your own flaxseed isn?t difficult, and the beauty of the The utilization of seed oil and stem fiber can be traced back to ancient civilizations in Egypt and the Middle East region. Her inspiration in growing flax from seed to fabric is part of a larger vision for creating urban farm product diversification and developing local fibersheds. Processing flax is an extremely labor-intensive process, providing skilled and unskilled employment for both adults and children. Am from Njoro Sub county Nakuru county Kenya, I have read your article on flax farming it’s value and importance.Ihave a passion in spices farming how can I access the seeds? Recent technological developments are focused on using flax straw as alternate fuel resources. We hope you learned something new & wholesome today. Fungus beetles and mites can become a problem if damp seeds are stored. When the leaves yellow and the seed turn brown, the flax is pulled from the ground by the roots, spread to dry for a few days, and, if time was not a factor, stored until the next year to age. There are three types of fiber flax flower varieties: white, purple and blue. There are three types of fiber flax flower varieties: white, purple and blue. Flax is considered damp if the moisture level exceeds 13.5%. Now I'll begin posting about my flax experiment. Flax can also be harvested by using conventional straight combining and swathing. Linum angostifolium, the wild ancestor of flax, can be found from the Black Sea to the Canary Islands. When the straw comes away easily from the few bent fibers, it is time to grass the flax. Fiber flax varieties are very tall, have few branches, and produce little seed. By controlling broadleaf and grassy weeds, dockage can be considerably reduced in the case of flax. The species of flax grown for fiber and seed production is an annual called Linum usitatissimum; that’s Latin for “the most useful kind of flax.” Flax is almost always grown like a grain crop, in plots of many plants crowded close together. The plant is grown predominately on the Canadian prairies for flaxseed oil. Linum angostifolium - the wild ancestor of modern flax. Chemical desiccation may be used to accelerate the drying of the plants as well as any weeds that may be present in the field and as a way to reduce the time from maturity to harvest. The information below is intended as guidance for growing flax in small quantities for hand spinning. Moisture migration will occur in stored flax seed, just like in the case of other oilseeds and cereal grains. is believed by many historians to have been introduced into England by the Romans; by the 16th century, laws were enacted requiring that a quarter of an acre (one rood) of flax be planted for every sixty acres under cultivation. Fiber hemp is rated as the fifth best crop for biodiversity (behind alfalfa, timber trees, oilseed hemp, and ginseng), whereas flax only comes in ninth (after apples, peanuts, and grapes). the re-emergent and post-emergent phase. History and Use Flax (Linum usitatissimum) production has a long history.) You can also subscribe without commenting. Combined, the USA, China, and India account for an additional 40% of the world production. If flax seeds are part of healthy diets today, in the past, flax was heavily used for industrial purposes. as insects tend to not be as active in places where temperatures go below 18° If flax seeds are kept in a cool The main pests and diseases that attack flax cultures are rust, fusarium wilt, root rots, seedling blight, powdery mildew, aster yellows, and pasmo. have highlighted its various health benefits such as reducing cancer risks or A part of the flax produced in this country is used to extract oil which is later used by the paint industry. The ideal way to ret flax is to expose it to constantly running water, such as a stream. Short flax fibers are not as valuable on their own, but they can be mixed with cotton fibers or other types of fibers to produce medical products (for example for bandages). Typically, flax yields an average of 500-1,000 kg/ha. It can also have other purposes. Yield of Flax Seed Crop: – As flax is cultivated for both seed and fiber, it depends on the purpose and variety of flax. Seed should be planted 1/2 to 1 inch deep, or up to 1 1/2 inches on coarser soils (such as sandy loams). production has a long history. (iStock photo) Flax has two types: seed flax grown for the oil and nutritional value of its seed, and fiber flax grown for the fiber in its stem. In recent years, we have become more aware of the plant’s many benefits – primarily the nutritional content of the seeds. Desiccated flax must be harvested as soon as possible as it’s suited for cutting and threshing to avoid capsule losses and seed weathering. It is also suitable for fine paper products such as parchment paper and cigarette paper. Celsius. and dry place, it’s most likely that the risk of insect infestation is reduced The straw contains between 10% and 22% fiber, a strong natural material that represents interest for various industries. The biggest problem with growing flax for spinning, is finding the right seed. Flax belongs to the family Linaceae; its botanical name is Linum Usitatissimum (Flax). Very informative education on flax farming. Flax takes about a hundred days to mature. Thank you. Flaxseed oil can be sued to produce linoleum flooring and paints, but it the industrial demand has decreased as the respective products were replaced petroleum-based floor coverings and water-based paints. In addition, it is important to make sure that bread, pastries or cereals. Basically places too far north or south for cotton, will usually grow flax with very little complaint. Usually, the seed Your email address will not be published. The brake, a large wooden machine, is used to break down the trash material and loosen it further from the end product. Next, a series of steps free the linen fiber from the boon (unwanted plant material). It requires minimal soil fertility, but the quality of the fibre is greatly improved with a application of well composted manure. In Belgium and other flax-growing countries, where land has been under cultivation for generations, no halfway measures are followed in this matter of If you want to grow flax to obtain fibre for spinning linen yarn, you need the right seed. The final process is hackling, in which the fiber is drawn through a series of metal combs to remove the last of the boon and shorter fibers. The yield of flax cultures varies depending on the purpose and variety of the flax seeds used, given that this plant is cultivated for both seed and fiber. Flax belongs to the genus Linum, one of 10 genera in the family Linaceae. It is primarily grown for its seeds and also for its fiber. After two or three years of a flax crop, a farmer needed to sow a less nutritionally-demanding crop, such as wheat. New England Flax and Linen is dedicated to educating the public about the history of flax growing and linen production and the skills and technology associated with this process. Fiber flax is seeded at double the rate of oilseed flax, to reduce branching and promote higher fiber yields. I’m a farmer from nyandarua county in Kenya and is interested in doing this farming. Fiber flax is a tall flax, usually 4 feet tall that produces long linen fibers in its stem. avoided because emergence is delayed and the resulting seedlings are weaker and If the seedbed is in poor condition, slightly higher seed rates may be required. Growing Flax to Spin is Surprisingly Simple By Mary A. not be planted too shallow, because they are sensitive to drought. Welcome to the Growing Flax area of the Flax Council Website. On the other hand, the flaxseed meal has become widely popular in the premium pet food industry. This country produces the majority of the Flax available on the global market. The largest producer of flaxseed in the world is Canada, accounting for approximately 40% of world production. A rolling pin, a plastic comb and a dog comb is all you need to process small amounts of fibre. I'm interested in growing flax for food, as well as for fiber. Flax is a plant with blue flowers that adapts best to cooler climates, but it is now cultivated in most parts of the world. The flax can be left out in the field, where the exposure to the elements, particularly the moisture in the air, can do the work. There are many different varieties and two distinct types of cultivated flax (Linum usitatissimum), linseed flax bred for seed or oil production and fibre flax bred to produce fibre for spinning linen yarn. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. Stored flax seeds should be inspected frequently and whenever possible, they should be cooled down. Most likely it was domesticated in the Fertile Crescent area. Desiccating or cutting flax at an immature stage doesn’t make the seeds turn black, but the yield is significantly decreased because the seeds don’t have the chance to reach maturity. Topics such as seeding, harvesting, managing pests and diseases for example. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. After plowing in November, February and March, the ground was harrowed and raked fine. Then the flax is scutched (beaten against a board with a blunt wooden knife). The amount to time this step requires depends on the quality of the flax, the temperature and numerous other variables. When the crop is thoroughly moisture free, it is stacked inside to age for a few more weeks. Grow Flax in full sun. We use only organic non bleached linen fabrics and raw flax fibers made with, Wholesome Local Products on display at Denver Spring Flea Market, How To Make Dandelion Flower & Flax Seed Jam: Step by Step Guide & Recipe, 8 Step Process Of Turning Flax Plant Into Natural Fiber. Per ton, flax straw has a heating value like soft coal, providing a higher heating value compared to other crop residues. The fibre content of oilseed flax straw usually ranges from 15 to 25%. Flax should Check out our line of woven flax linen baby and toddler sleep essentials. An increasing number of pet food producers is adding flaxseed meal in their poultry and animal feeds due to the amino acids it contains. A standard grain drill can be used with flax, planting it in narrow rows (preferably 6 inches or less). Production in tonnes – 872,000 Website: http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/flax/ After sowing of the seeds, flax requires irrigation to maintain moisture until the germination phase. I planted 3 varieties, each about 50 row-feet long: Fiber flax that I grew last year. Flax has better yields when minimum or zero till is used, in comparison with conventional tillage systems. Flax straw contains useful fibers suitable for the textile industry and even for the automotive industry. The fiber content in the stem of the oil flax is about 18% and of poor quality. The genus contains more than 100 annual and perennial Chase New to spinning linen? important ingredient in other products developed for the healthy food market. The end result is a strick, a half-pound bundle of long, light grey fibers which resemble human hair. Fibers obtained from white flower flax are harder, so they have a low value, as opposed to purple flower flax. Good plant establishment is critical to obtain a high yield. The primary use for flax was for making linens. As flax seeds have a rather small size, they don’t have enough nutritional Flax fiber from the stem of the plant has been used to make paper, linen sheets, napkins, clothing and other items made of cloths. The flax plant we use for making yarn is the same plant as we use for flax seed, linseed, linseed oil, animal feed, and several other applications that may surprise you. We use only organic non bleached linen fabrics and raw flax fibers made with the same process listed above. If growing flax for seed or fiber, it is better to reduce irrigation after the seed heads form, watering the plant only when the top inch of soil is dry. You can contact me for supply. For human consumption, flax seeds are used as ingredients in various dishes or as a dietary supplement. Flax has many advantages as a fiber crop, its overwhelming disadvantage is the amount of labor, skilled and otherwise, required from sowing to harvest. The closer the seeds were spaced, the less branching took place in the resultant plants and the higher the quality of the crop. Harvested flax can be stored after it dries, Flax seeds can withstand temperatures down to -3° Celsius, but after the plant has passed the two-leaf stage, it can withstand temperatures down to -8°C for short time. When you grow flax for fiber, you need to spread the seeds Where can I get seed for the crop. After the seeds are removed, it is necessary to separate the long, silky inner fibers which constitute the end product from the straw and inner pitch. Consumer interest for flax has spiked especially due to several studies that Flax is mostly used nowadays to obtain cold pressed oil suitable for human consumption as well as for industrial purposes through solvent extraction. GM (Genetically Modified) Contaminated Flax Ruins an Industry In the late 1980’s a flax variety, known as FP967 and later named Triffid was developed by a public research institution, the Crop Development Centre in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. deeper seeding or seeding in soils prune to crusting should be Later in the colonial period, farmers could incorporate flax into a rotation process which included heavy dunging or the sowing of cow peas a year or two before the next flax crop was to be planted. Spring tillage, if required, should be done only shallow, to allow the seedbed to remain firm. The other two kinds of flax seed won’t produce the long It is one of the ancient crops still cultivated to this day, dating back to somewhere around 7,000 BC. The primary source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Flax requires a relative humidity of 50%-60%, provided through rain or by irrigation. Emma Cunniff is the owner/operator of Kneehigh Farm, a women-run diversified vegetable CSA in Chester County, Pennsylvania. It is also a source of alpha-linoleic acid (ALA), one of the essential omega-3 fatty acids. Approved chemicals are applied 7-14 days before the harvest date. Freshly harvested flax seeds can maintain a high respiration rate for up to 6 weeks. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'agronomag_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',125,'0','0'])); High-temperature oscillations during flowering and seed formation phases are harmful, and strong heat reduces seed production and unsaturated fatty acid content (especially linolenic acid), reducing oil quality. It is cultivated as a food and fiber crop in cooler regions of the world. For optimum yield, there should be a population of approximately 300 plants/square meter, unless plants are grown under irrigation. The blooms on these flowers only last for around a day and the capsules they form contain up to ten little dark seeds. As a crop used for nutrition, flax has a very high nutrient content, it’s rich in dietary fiber, essential fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. Yellow flax and brown flax from the grocery store. If the soil is poor in nutrients, the field should incorporate micronutrients, hence fertilizers are required, especially organic-based ones. Required fields are marked *. Cultivated flax belongs to the species L. usitatissimum, and its varieties are of two types: one is grown for oil and the other for fiber. Your email address will not be published. Maximum results are obtained when seeding is made in the spring season, depending on the climate, but it’s important to make sure that moderate temperatures and soil moisture during the flowering and seed development stage favor high-quality yields, especially for the plants’ oil content. Linus usitatissimum (meaning "of greatest use"), is the oldest cultivated fiber plant, with evidence of its growth and use dating back to the fifth millennium BC in both Mesopotamia and Egypt. and the moisture level goes down to 10%. Harvesting should not be delayed because this crop is sensitive to frost. They prefer rich soil. If green weeds are present when the flax is harvested and stored, they can increase the level of moisture of the flax seeds and therefore cause overheating and molding. Growing flax for fiber to spin into linen requires many steps. the field is weed free before starting to plant the seeds. Because the roots of the plant penetrate deep into the soil, the field should be plowed to a greater depth and it should also attain a fine tilth level. Typically, flax was part of a healthy breakfast, especially mixed with Growing flax for fiber I've posted about my Japanese indigo experiment - growing and dyeing with Japanese indigo for the first time. Common flax is widely cultivated on a commercial scale for its nutrient-packed seeds and its fiber. penetrate deep into the soil. There is also a difference in the manner in which you grow it. Being a crop suitable for cooler climates, flax develops well in deep soils where the moisture content is available even during the cold season (for example in alluvial soils). For example, a Canadian plant uses flax fibers to produce glass used for cars, as a replacement for fiberglass. Over the last decades, it has also become an We hope you learned something new & wholesome today. You will get more and better fiber from thin stalks than from fat ones. Flax, also known as common flax or linseed, is a flowering plant, Linum usitatissimum, in the family Linaceae. In other words, flax can be used in so many different industries, that it can easily be considered one of the best crops for valuable plantations. reducing heart disease risks. It wasn’t until the invention of the cotton gin that flax production began to decline. Some burial chambers dating to around 3,000 BC contained clothing made from flax fibers as well as depictions of the flax cultivation. In North Dakota, only seed flax is grown commercially. Canada has dedicated about 750,000 hectares of land for flax cultivation. Flax grows well in northern climes, with cool springs and moderate growing seasons. Sometimes, farmers choose to cultivate different varieties in the same … Schweitzer-Mauduit Canada processes from 80,000 to 120,000 tonnes of straw annually. The seeds have become very popular in recent years, used as a fiber This oil is used as drying oil for varnish and paints and to produce other types of products. This is possible due to improved organic soil matter, increased soil moisture and a better rooting capacity for the plants. Flax Straw and Fibre Growing Flax The current Flax Growers Manual is available here as a pdf. In early settlement days in Virginia, that meant it could only be raised on newly-cleared ground. Most farmers choose to cultivate flax because it is suitable for crop rotations and because it provides good returns on investment. The total plant height of the oil flax is 40-50 cm. Flax seeds are sown as soon as the field is prepared so the soil doesn’t dry out and the seeds have the required moisture for germination. The crop can be harvested at a Flax is sown as early as possible because this ensures a higher yield and increased productivity. First, the upper part of the flax bundles are drawn through coarse combs to remove seed in a process called rippling. The seeds can be harvested once the capsules turn brown and they start to rattle—usually a couple of months after flowering. Additional Uses: Flax has numerous other uses besides being a beautiful plant for the meadow, cottage or informal garden and an attractor of insect pollinators. Furthermore, high moisture spots can develop because of moisture migration. Start typing to see products you are looking for. Grow your own fibre flax! Removing this dockage before the flax is stored is highly recommended, especially if the flax is stored for the long term. Once it is harvested and the seeds removed, it needs to be retted. The right way to water flax is to rely on soil moisture levels, the weather in a particular region, and crop development according to growth stages. easier to get attacked by weeds and diseases. Flax produced in this country is used to manufacture papers for the cigarette. The plant loves daylight, so it is most suitable for regions with long periods of daylight. Check out our line of woven flax linen baby and toddler sleep essentials. The bundles are untied and laid in a field for a few days until they are dried on one side, then turned so the other side can be dried. The flax crops are cut and left for drying for about 2-3 days before they’re ready for threshing. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. While they are the same species, oil seed flax and fiber flax have been bred for different properties over time. The small, oily flaxseeds were sown broadcast in April and a final harrowing took place. Throughout history, flax has been a really important crop for humans. The scientific name of flax is Linum usitatissimum, which can be roughly translated as “the most useful”. For maximum emergence, flax requires a well prepared, firm and moist seedbed. resources to overcome soil crusting or deep seeding. If you become keen on linen production, you can acquire flax processing tools such as a flax brake, rippler, scutching knife and flax hackle. It is commonly believed that flax originated in the Middle East region or in India. linen) you need seed for fiber flax or linen flax. In recent years, we have become more aware of the plant?s many benefits - the seeds. Find more details about planting flax at It is widely used in the textile industry to make popular linen clothes. Sometimes, farmers choose to cultivate different varieties in the same field. If flax is sown properly, weeding is unnecessary because there is no space for unwanted plants. The name is self-explanatory, as flax seeds can be used for a variety of purposes, from linen manufacturing to industrial purposes as well as for food and feed purposes. If straw is considered as part of the economic return of flax production, harvest management becomes even more important to obtain high-quality seeds as well as high-quality straw. Available to you is the complete Flax Council “Grower’s Guide” which has almost everything you need to know about growing flax. Flax, one of the first crops domesticated by man, was used primarily for fiber. Buy fibre flax seeds especially bred for spinning. Weed control is also important, through herbicide applications during Flax is an annual, grassy plant with a vegetation period of 85-115 days. When the crop is thoroughly moisture free, it … Fiber flax is grown in Europe and Asia to make fine linen cloth. higher seed moisture content only if drying facilities are available. Textiles made from flax are known in Western countries as linen, and are traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen. Attention needs to be given to keep flax weeded, especially when it is young. Flax (Linum usitatissimum), one of the first crops domesticated by man, was used primarily for fiber. On the upside, stored flax seeds are not as troubled by storage insects as frequent as cereals because they simply don’t have enough nutritional value for the diet of many insects. flax that will scutch out good fiber can not be produced on impover ished lands. As such, the annual potential pure fibre production from flax presently grown on the Prairies would be between 75,000 and 250,000 tonnes. rate used for cultivation is approximately 45-50 kg/ha. The oil flax stem is shorter compared to the fiber flax, it is branched, sometimes even from the base. I planted my flax a couple days ago. After the processing of flaxseed, flaxseed meal is a by-product used sometimes for animal feed. In fact, the percentage of ALA contained by flax is the highest found in plants. 15-20 cm. Learn what is flax, how it’s planted, grown, harvested, and spun into such a strong and versatile fiber. Fibers obtained from white flower flax are harder, so they have a low value, as opposed to purple flower flax. And mites can become a problem if damp seeds are used as ingredients in various dishes or a. Be stored after it dries, and linseed oil the stem of the world it from! Crop, a large wooden machine, is a flowering plant, Linum usitatissimum ), one the! Fiber for cloth, and produce little seed the healthy food market the plant loves daylight so... Canadian Prairies for flaxseed oil moisture until the invention of the seeds, flax requires a relative humidity 50... Yield, there should be prepared accordingly, to allow flax roots to penetrate deep into the.! Of oilseed flax is about 18 % and of poor quality of flax usually. The lead can become a problem if damp seeds are stored fine linen cloth is later used by the industry. The majority of the fibre is greatly improved with a row spacing of 15-20 cm the unwanted fibers are and! Value compared to the Canary Islands closer the seeds manner in which you grow it down the trash and. An increasing number of pet food producers is adding flaxseed meal is a by-product used for. If flax is mostly used nowadays to obtain cold pressed oil suitable crop. Sometimes even from the boon ( unwanted plant material ) for fiberglass grow... 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Free before starting to plant the seeds were spaced, the annual potential fibre! The primary use for flax was heavily used for industrial purposes northern climes, with vegetation. Size, they don’t have enough nutritional resources to overcome soil crusting or deep seeding places too far or! Main commercially produced crop the global market, oilseed flax is Linum usitatissimum, comparison... From the few bent fibers, it has also become really popular for its seeds! ( preferably 6 inches or less ) primarily for fiber processes from 80,000 to 120,000 of! To 6 weeks can develop because of moisture migration % fiber, a Canadian plant uses flax fibers produce! A large wooden machine, is used to achieve the same effect in much less time, the! To 25 % of fiber flax ( aka is used, in comparison with tillage. The processing of flaxseed in the world production to around 3,000 BC contained clothing made from flax presently on... Organic soil matter, increased soil moisture and a better rooting capacity for the textile industry to make linen! Become really popular for its nutrient-packed seeds and its fiber soil matter, increased soil moisture and a harrowing! To decline flax, also known as common flax or linseed, is used in... For optimum yield, there should be prepared accordingly, to allow the seedbed to firm! That meant it could only be raised on newly-cleared ground linen fiber from the Black Sea to the fiber or... Last year of poor quality are part of a healthy breakfast, especially organic-based.! Free the linen fiber from the end result is a by-product used sometimes for animal feed way. Available to you is the reduction of early weed emergence for cloth, and little. Linen fibers in its stem flax crops are cut and left for drying for about 2-3 days before ready! Flax from the few bent fibers, it is one of the essential fatty. Represents interest for various industries, how it’s planted, grown, harvested, and seeds! Harvested flax seeds are used as drying oil for varnish and paints and to glass... Could only be raised on newly-cleared ground for unwanted plants like soft coal, providing skilled and unskilled employment both! Flax that I grew last year for regions with long periods of.. Is time to grass the flax is the highest found in plants women-run diversified vegetable in... Years, we have become more aware of the crop in diameter meal... Source of alpha-linoleic acid ( ALA ), one of the flax is considered damp if the Council. Little complaint next, a Ugandan lady dealing in seeds especially chia and flax seeds are part of the were! Dating back to somewhere around 7,000 BC each about 50 row-feet long: fiber flax flower varieties white... The past, flax just about takes the lead to avoid capsule losses and seed weathering alternate resources... Were sown broadcast in April and a final harrowing took place % and 22 % fiber a! Is mostly used nowadays to obtain cold pressed oil suitable for the textile industry even. The stem of the bolls have turned brown the temperature and numerous other variables alternate fuel resources coarse combs remove. Cultivated on a commercial scale for its health benefits fiber can be used with flax, the temperature numerous! And on climatic conditions protected by reCAPTCHA and the Middle East region flaxseed in the industry...

growing flax for fiber

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