Answer: (i) Influence of the Philosophers and Writers: There were many French philosophers and thinkers like John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Voltaire and Mirabeau, who exposed the evils prevailing in the system. They aroused the common people about their rights. Maurice Cranston | Published in History Today Volume 39 Issue 5 May 1989. Impact of the French Philosophers. … They could see the truth in his ideas and those of Locke and these ideas lent support to their own, backed up by their own experience under the tyranny of the aristocracy. Rousseau died in 1778 when France was at the height of its Enlightenment. Jules Michelet Greatest French historian of his time, whose blistering account of the French revolution … Voltaire (1694 – 1778) was a French historian and Philosopher who is famous for his attacks on Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Among them were Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu and Diderot. (3) Moreover, the French society was divided into three estates and only the members of the third estate paid taxes. The French Zouaves were first created as a unit in Algeria in 1831. The philosophe may have laid the egg, but was the bird hatched of a different breed? They infused people with the idea of liberty, equality and fraternity. Role of the Philosophers in the French Revolution Tusha Gupta Advertisements: Role of the Philosophers in the French Revolution France in the 18 th century had many revolutionary thinkers. Famous People From France. The novels of Rousseau were the most widely read by the people and this is how his ideas spread and influenced the French Revolution. The Bourgeoisie formed the top most group of the Third Estate. The French Revolution, like the American Revolution before it, was in large part inspired by the Enlightenment. Philosophers Montesquieu -He was advocate as well … Analyse the role of philoso... history. The French intellectuals asserted that man was born to be happy. A scientific experiment conducted during the Enlightenment. The revolutionary ideas of these philosophers spread throughout France and created awareness among the masses. But the French Monarch, influenced by the clergies and nobles, ranked them as the Third Estate. It was Rousseau’s followers who prevailed in the French Revolution, especially in its destructive third phase. No they did not. 5. Enlightenment ideas and the success of the American Revolution fueled revolution in France in 1789. They had the wealth and social status. Inspiration from the American War of Independence The Enlightenment and the French Revolution could be described as the most influential and significant historical events in Europe during the eighteenth century. 1 Zhou En-Lai's reply becomes more … The ideas of the French philosophes were a factor that contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution but historians disagree on how big a role did they actually have in shaping public opinion. The French philosophers of the Enlightenment Era didn't play an active role in the events of the revolution, but their ideas inspired the revolutionary movement. The ideas of these philosophers were discussed intensively in salons and coffee-houses and spread among people through books and newspapers. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) began in May 1789 when the Ancien Régime was abolished in favour of a constitutional monarchy.Its replacement in September 1792 by the First French Republic led to the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793, and an extended period of political turmoil. Maurice Cranston discusses the intellectual origins and development of the French Revolution. (2) The French government was forced to increase taxes. The French intellectuals gave the motto “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” which became the watchwords of the revolution of 1789. Beginning in 1789, the French Revolution saw the French people overthrow their absolute monarchy and bring about a republic that … The following writers of Pre-Revolutionary France are significant: The Rationalist philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes (1596-1650), … The French Revolution was quite different than the American Revolution both in cause and result. Role of Voltaire in French Revolution. Describe the contribution of French philosophers in the French Revolution 2 See answers whiteshadow7834 whiteshadow7834 France in the 18th century had many revolutionary thinkers. The writings and the preaching of the French philosophers prepared the common people for the revolution. The most prominent among them were Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau. During the Age of Enlightenment, people started to put emphasis on individualism… Although these early modern philosophers of rationalism did not directly influence the French Revolution, it cannot be doubted that their general epistemological philosophy of rationalism helped create a new way of thinking in which man was not ordained by God to rule over other men, but that it was through reason of the mind that man chose to be ruler or subject. Present by students of BS English (Morning) Semester-2 Session 2017-21 3. 16th Century French Philosophers French Women Philosophers. So they influenced the people for revolution. Philosophers of the French and English Revolution Denis Diderot Jean-Jacques Rousseau English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author Extremely influential through his works Practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution The Enlightment inspired people and the French Revolution encouraged people all over the world to fight for freedom and equality. The elite put those ideas into motion. Where the needs of the family caregiver come first. Their revolutionary ideas encouraged people to fight for their rights. Hegel and the French Revolution Chris Arthur Hegel was born in 1770 and died in 1831. Role of Philosophers in French Revolution 1. However, the French Revolution was similar in that it hailed the principles of Enlightenment thinking.… Explain the role of thinkers and philosophers in the French Revolution. The French Philosophers. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. French materialist philosophy, social theory and socialist ideas were significant influences on the development of Communism and major contributors to Marx’s ideas. Since the French Revolution ended with Napoleon's coup in 1899 such an engagement could not have been fought. Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package; Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century . The French Revolution. They exposed the inefficiency of the monarch and his government and aroused … Rousseau and the French Revolution. Even at the time of Hegel' s death everyting appeared still unsettled. The doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophers belonged to this class. The French Revolution began in the domain of philosophy and social theory. Christianity had taught that man was born to suffer. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. History Of Europe Role Of Philosophers In French Revolution 2. At the time of his death, Rousseau’s writings were well known in France, though he had not exerted the influence that he would when France entered its revolution. It resulted in a period of radical social upheaval and genocide that changed the course of civilization. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 521 times. Never Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, Rousseau and the others did not think at any moment that the French … It has been related by Simon Schama, a world-renowned historian, in the beginning of his magisterial work on the French Revolution, Citizens. Famous French Philosophers. View French Revolution - Role of Philosophers and Writers.pptx from HIS 801 at Lovely Professional University. French Revolution Revolution of 1789 Period 1787–1799 CAUSE-THREE TYPES OF SOCIETY PRIVILEGE CLASS AND UNPRIVILEGED CLASS Peasants-status 4. The French Revolution was the result of a culmination of ideas. MEDIUM. Thus he lived through the most revolutionary epoch the world had yet seen: the overthrow of the old regime in France, the revolutionary wars of Nepoleon, his defeat, the restorations. Sometimes referred to as the ‘Age of Reason’, the Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that challenged old ways of thinking and inspired revolutionary ideas. List of famous French philosophers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. Philosophers introduced new ideas to the literate elite. Analyse the role of philosophers in the French Revolution in 1789. Ans. The French Revolution: Ideas and Ideologies. Age of Reason: Because of the ideas expressed by the French intellectuals, the 18th century has been called the Age of Reason. Photograph: PR. IMPACT OF PHILOSOPHERS ON FRENCH REVOLUTION INTRODUCTION "It is too soon to tell" was the reply that Zhou En-Lai gave to a question about the impact of the French Revolution on human civilization. This is exact, but deserves nuances. The economic conditions which led to the revolution were as follows: (1) Long years of war and cost of maintaining an extravagant court had drained the financial resources of France. The important role played by the political philosophers in French revolution are : Ideas envisaging a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all, were put forward by philosophers such as John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. The question of the origins of the French revolutionary wars is controversial, with some seeing them as fundamentally ideological, others as power‐political. Answer The ideas of envisaging a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all, were put forward by philosophers such as John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. French Revolution, revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789—hence the conventional term ‘Revolution of 1789,’ denoting the end of the ancien regime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions … French Revolution Role of the Philosophers and Writers Objectives • To access the Montesquieu in his book, The Spirit of Laws advocated the constitutional form government. Locke's philosophy, which influenced Rousseau, was also thus spread. First Published: August 28, 2016 | Last Updated:August 28, 2016. French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Jimmy Baskerville His/114 6/20/12 Caltin Luetger French Revolution and Napoleonic Era It is usual to say that the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment are the theoretical basis of the French Revolution. Nov 30, 2020 - Role of philosophers in the French revolution Class 9 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 9. The French Revolution was a major event in the history of Western societies, and has had a profound effect on the world today. Many experts believe that the same ideologies that sparked the American Revolution had long percolated through French culture. Human lives are undoubtedly filled with infinite complexities. Jean-Paul Sartre, c1940. Enlightenment philosophy was a major influence. Without the ideas spread by French philosophers, the French Revolution would simply have been an outbreak of violence.