As it is obligatory for the wife to respect her husband the husband is also obliged to respect his wife. Women must tend to their husbands needs even if they dont feel that need themselves. Either they must help them in this matter themselves, or they must provide the instruments for their learning. 3. If a sinful Muslim husband demands his rights to be fulfilled (respect, etc), what would be the wife's rights? Give everyone their due right. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî], Sixth Duty: To adorn themselves in a reasonable manner. Just as the wife in Islam has absolutely no duties and responsibilities other than developing and keeping good cordial relations with her in-laws, the husband in Islam too has absolutely no duty or responsibility towards his in-laws except to develop and keep good cordial relations with them. The expression of affection towards your wife is your responsibility, according to Islam. If you cannot do this then seek help from others or arrange for books and articles on Islam and make her read and practice them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The best women who have ridden camels are those of Quraysh. As it is obligatory for the wife to respect her husband the husband is also obliged to respect his wife. This is part of Islams organizing of the family structure. The husband has the right to enjoy intimacy with his wife at any time… so long as he does not distract her from obligatory religious duties or harm her. She consults with him in important issues. The Quran states that wives should be "obedient and submissive to their husbands," and a saying of the Prophet Muhammad says that "If a husband says to his wife to transform a yellow mountain into a black one or turn a black mountain into a white one, she should obey his orders. The happiness of each member depends on the happiness of the whole family. A man should understand that the woman he marries also has her own rights and desires towards her life, freedom and expectations from his husband – she must not be taken as a servant. A man needs to be kind and considerate enough to give a woman the time and space to do so, in addition to grooming himself. Allah Almighty says in Holy Quran: “…And upon the father is the mother’s sustenance and her clothing according to what is reasonable. It is a debt upon the husband, and it cannot be avoided unless the wife chooses to willingly sacrifice it. In Hadith several issues are greatly emphasized: 1. Any other use of the hosted content, such as for financial gain, requires express approval from the copyright owners. 3- To ask her to do something which falls into her personal affairs, such as asking her to give him money or forbidding her from speaking to a friend for no good reason. Islam values the sacrifices women make and therefore, Allah blesses love between a married couples for the betterment of their life: Respecting and listening to the wife. Various Hadith also emphasize sociability and geniality between spouses. But it is not giving financial support to the family is not compensatory for the wife as a husband. It can be said regarding such a woman that she takes good care of her husband and her actions are on the same tier as Holy Jihad. Allah, the Exalted, has stated in the Holy Quran: الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاء بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ وَبِمَا أَنفَقُواْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ فَالصَّالِحَاتُ قَانِتَاتٌ حَافِظَاتٌ لِّلْغَيْبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ اللّهُ... “Men are the protectors and supervisors of women because of the advantage Allah has given some over others and because they support them from their means. 2- The Wife to be Available for her Husband. Overseeing religious, moral, and cultural issues of family members, guiding them towards improvement and spiritual and physical development, and preventing social and ethical corruption within the family. The word ma‘ruf, which has been used in this sentence, is the opposite of munkar (meaning wicked) and means behavior that is approved by both reason and religion. The Right to Utilize Natural Resources, 4. First Duty: To financially support his wife. And you must provide her food and clothing and when she makes a mistake, you must forgive her.14. This preserves the family and protects it from collapsing. 1. Islam advises women at home to apply cosmetics and adorn themselves for their husbands, wear their best clothes, be neat and clean, and apply fragrant perfumes. There is no contention on how cutting edge age men once in a while ignored the significance and agony amid pregnancy and regard it as a “customary” condition. We list out the role of a wife in a man’s life. Husbands Should be available for their wife during her pregnancy. It is a symbol of honoring the woman and it is not permissible to neglect it until after the contract. This is a right which precedes the contract. After marriage, men and women must consider all the members of the family not only their individual selves. Malayalam Books. Marriage is a very beautiful and pure relationship between a girl and a boy. In Islam, once a couple is married, the wife is not to refuse her husband when it comes to sexual fulfillment. She must not give charity from his house without his permission. The Prophet Muhammad said, “The wife is the guardian over the house of her husband and his children.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim) She is required to raise his children upon Islamic values. The Right to Legislation and Living in the Presence of Laws, 9. A validation e-mail has been sent to your e-mail address. 2. These rights ensure that both respect each other and help themselves in the hour of need. Instrument of Physical and Mental Health, 4. We will mention – by the help of Allaah – some of the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah which have to do with the duties of the spouses towards one another, quoting also from the commentaries and views of the scholars. Getting permission from one’s husband in exiting the house. 3. 2. Even though you also have rights upon her, you must be kind and forgiving toward her because she is captivated by you. Dar al-Ifta al Misriyyah is considered among the pioneering foundations for fatwa in the Islamic world.It has been the premier institute to represent Islam and the international flagship for Islamic legal research. Safeguarding, protecting, and looking after all members of the family, 3. He should not be asked to spend what he cannot afford. 9. Well technically the wife has no financial responsibilities to the husband, her children, or maintaining the household. RESPONSIBILITIES OF HUSBAND AND WIFE IN ISLAM Learning islam university An Islamic blog and platform aiming to provide the true information about Islam. Quran: [17:36] "You shall not accept any information, unless you verify it for yourself. Islam clearly lays down rights and responsibilities of a husband over his wife and that of a wife over her husband. You have dyed your hair! Conversely, women are more emotional and passionate than men. Lately I have been getting a lot of questions in my mind. Imam Sajjad (‘a) has stated: قال علیّ بن الحسین (ع): «و أمّا حق الزوجة: فأن تعلم أنّ الله جعلها سکناً و أُنساً، فتعلم أنّ ذلک نعمة من الله علیک فتکرمها و ترفق بها، و إن کان حقّک علیها اُوجب، فإنّ لها عليک أنّ ترحمها؛ لأنّها أسيرتک، و تطعمها و تکسوها، و إذا جهلت عفوت عنها.», The rights of a wife are that you must know that Allah has made her (an instrument of) peace and friendship; then you must know that she is a blessing from Allah upon you, so honor her and be lenient and gentle with her. The Prophet of Islam (S) has stated: عن النبیّ (ص)، قال: «أکمل المؤمنین إیماناً، احسنهم خلقاً، و خیارکم خیارکم لنسائه.», The most complete persons in faith are those who have the best manners and the good among you are those who are good with their wives.4. She should obey him here unless there is a valid excuse not to. Islam is true religion and it advocate its basic rules for its followers, both men and women have responsibilities and rights over other partner if they are as husband and wife. 4- To order her to disobey Allahs commands, and here she must disobey her husband. She gives her husband the strength to succeed, she nurtures her children to stay healthy and do well in their life, and she has the ability to take care of every minute detail at home. The Right to Possession and Enjoyment of Property, 8. Islam regards this attitude a wife’s right and a husband’s duty. Does not spend more than her husband earns. With good manners, virtuous behavior, and kindness she heartens her husband and turns her home into a focus of serenity and love. 3. Shohar husband aur biwi wife ke huqooq in Urdu. This small unit is formed of a woman and a man and is extended by producing children. Both of these categories will be elucidated in the succeeding sections. 1. Fourth Duty: To pay a dower. Here the wife must obey her husband, and she would be considered sinful from two perspectives if she fails to obey. For example, wives are expected to dispense wise and thoughtful advice on matters of morality and religion. Sixth duty: To serve and run the house in a reasonable fashion. Not even if she is rich or is working. This is a financial right, and includes: food, drink, clothing, and other basic needs. Avoid hitting, beating or harming her (it’s not Islam) Encourage her to be wearing Hijab (it’s compulsory), praying the five times salaat at its fixed times and be fasting in the month of … What also makes it more amazing is how clearly they are laid out, so conflict can be minimized. |. Enter valid first name and last name with at least one space. Just as the wife in Islam has absolutely no duties and responsibilities other than developing and keeping good cordial relations with her in-laws, the husband in Islam too has absolutely no duty or responsibility towards his in-laws except to develop and keep good cordial relations with them. © Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project 1995-2020. Surely the preparations of a husband for his wife increases her modesty [‘iffat]. She encourages him to do good deeds. What are the rights of men upon their wives?’ He replied, ‘She must obey him and not be disobedient. Only the wife and husband could interfere in each other’s life, and only the husband can tell a woman what to do. 2. ↓ 6 – Islamic Duties Of a Husband. This necessitates their cooperation and mutual deliberation and diligence. The wife in Islam is absolutely under no obligation to take care or serve her husbands parents or family; the duty and ultimate responsibility that the parents are served and well cared for is entirely upon the direct off-spring of the parents. Providing for the expenses of the family, making plans through consultation, and managing the incomes and expenditures of the family, 2. The truth is that the bond between a husband and wife in Islam is something that needs to be grown and cultivated with equal effort from both sides. Islamic Point of View: “We are Muslims”. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked: Which women are the best? he answered: The one who pleases him when he looks at her, obeys him when he asks something of her, and is not disobedient in herself or her money in what he hates. [Musnad Ahmad]. If in some circumstances he deems it unwise that she leaves the house and does not permit it, she acquiesces. Give attention to his opinion and be polite to her. Islam already takes into account the fact that a woman may have times where she is physically or psychologically unable to fulfil her husband’s desire, and by doing so, her condition may worsen. We list out the role of a wife … How To Be A Successful Muslim Husband 14 Steps With Pictures. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: If … Fourth Duty: To keep each others secrets. Our mission is to clear the misconceptions about Islam and Muslims in the light of Quran and Sahi Hadiths of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). A wife’s refusal of her husband’s … If a wife wants to support his husband financially she can do this also. Third duty: To refrain from fasting voluntarily unless she has permission. In addition to their common duties, due to their particular genesis, men have specific responsibilities, some of which are enumerated herein: In Islam, the responsibility of guardianship, supervision, and management of the family have been set on the shoulders of men. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you! Second duty: Not to leave the house unless the husband permits it. And she has non-financial rights, such as fair division between co-wives, being treated in a decent and reasonable manner, and not being treated in a harmful way by her husband. But it is not giving financial support to the family is not compensatory for the wife as a husband. Obeying her husband in doing good deeds One of the wife’s foremost commitments and chief duty toward her husband is to obey him in everything that is not unlawful. Regarding a woman who takes good care of her husband, it can be said: She accepts the supervision and administration of her husband and defends and supports it. Husband & wife should take care of each other through ups and downs of life. Oppressing a woman who has wishfully married her husband, who seeks comfort and tranquility with him, and who expects her husband to share with her problems, is not right. He should do this according to his status and societal norms, not with extravagance or with a closed fist. A husband should keep the promises he made at the time he married her. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): But if I had to command, that one man leaned over the other in prostration, then I would, of course, ordered the woman to bow down in front of her husband. A man also has these responsibilities toward his wife; he must be neat and clean, perfumed and well-dressed, he must style his hair and face regularly, and make himself handsome for his wife. The phrase حُسن التّبعُّل (taking good care of one’s husband) in this Hadith is a concise term, however, it has an extensive meaning and encompasses all virtues. IMPORTANT : All content hosted on Al-Islam.org is solely for non-commercial purposes and with the permission of original copyright holders. Therefore, it is important that he meets the requirements of his wife, while a wife meets her set of requirements. This is implied in the verse: Be intimate with them in kindness. And They have as what is asked of them in kindness.. The Best Wife: 1. Quran.Mu 2012 | Royal Road Tyack Riviere Anguilles. Books on Islam, Muslims, Prophet Muhammad(s), Ahlul Bayt. 1- Contentment: Being content is one of the reasons for the ease of the heart; a woman should avoid alienating her husband from herself and from the home by her shamelessness and greed.Contentment means to feel content with what is sufficient and not to be greedy. Take an example of husband wife relationship. Unless or until the wife is not feeling or unable to have intercourse due to obligatory fasts, periods etc., she is obliged to make herself available to her husband upon the commencement of their marriage whenever he asks her. Therefore, the husband treats his wife and her mother well in return. 3. In Islam, once a couple is married, the wife is not to refuse her husband when it comes to sexual fulfillment. The following is the the duties of a married woman in Islam to her husband: Obedience to the husband. Members of a family have a close relationship and common goals and interests. The truth is that the bond between a husband and wife in Islam is something that needs to be grown and cultivated with equal effort from both sides. The rights in marriage fall into 3 categories: 1- Mutual rights between the two spouses. Imam Ja‘far ibn Muhammad (‘a) has cited the Prophet of Allah (S) through his fathers: جعفر بن محمد، عن أبیه، عن جدّه علی بن الحسین، عن علیّ (ع)، قال: قال رسول الله (ص): «لیتهیّأ أحدکم لزوجته کما تتهیّأ زوجته له»—قال جعفر بن محمّد (ع):—«یعنی یتهیّأ بالنظافة.», ‘Each of you must prepare yourselves for your wives; just as your wives prepare themselves for you.’ Then Imam Ja‘far (‘a) stated, ‘This means that each of you must be neat and clean.’6, قال النبیّ (ص): «حقّ المرأة علی زوجها أن یسدّ جوعتها، و أن یستر عورتها، و لا یقبح لها وجهاً، فإذا فعل ذلک فقد و الله أدّیٰ حقّها.», The rights of a wife regarding her husband are that he must provide her nourishment and clothing and must not appear to her with an ugly appearance. Section One: The Rights and Duties of Women in Islam, 2. The Prophet (peace be upon him) says: The people of the worst stature with Allah on the Day of Judgment are men who confide in their wives, and wives who confide in their husbands, and then they spread each others secrets around. [Sahîh Muslim]. Always considers her husband’s well being. It must be noted that male supervision does not mean that the man can selfishly manage the family by exploiting his power and do whatever he wants and prohibit other members of the family from expressing their opinions. At home she wears her best and most attractive clothes; she adorns herself and applies cosmetics as her husband wishes, and shows her willingness and inclination openly and at all times. Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: It is not permissible for a woman to fast while her husband is present unless he permits it, nor is it permissible for her to allow anyone into the house unless he permits it.. The Prophet (peace be upon him) says: Fear Allah when it comes to women, for they are helpers you took in faithfulness to Allah. Dar al-Ifta al Misriyyah is considered among the pioneering foundations for fatwa in the Islamic world.It has been the premier institute to represent Islam and the international flagship for Islamic legal research. Wife duties towards her Husband in Islam Pure Matrimony. So, what exactly does a wife do that she is so important to her family? Even though this verse is addressed to men, women also hold this obligation. Huda TV. “So if the husband divorces his wife (irrevocably), he cannot, after that, remarry her until after she has married another husband and he has divorced her.” (Surah al-Baqarah, 230) And: “When you divorce women, and they fulfil the term of their Idda, either take them back on equitable terms or set them free on equitable terms, but do not take them back to injure them or take undue advantage. Dear Sir! The wife's duties do not require her to feed her child, nor even to nurse it, nor to clean nor cook. Also read Labor Rights in Islam. Because in Islam, if a wife go out from house without a permission from her husband, then it is a form of wife’s disobedience to her husband. According to a Hadith, Imam Ridha (‘a) has stated: عن الرضا (ع) —فی حدیث إلی أن—قال: «و اشتهت منک مثل الذی تشتهیه منها.», Your wives expect from you similar to that which you expect from them.11. So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded.” (Surah Nisa, 34) Third Duty: To offer each other wholesome advice concerning obedience to Allah. This is because regular sexual satisfaction has a significant effect on good relations between spouses and bolsters the constitution of their family. The Quran expresses this nicely: وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ, “And of His signs is that He has created for you, from yourselves, spouses that you may gain peace through them and He has set among you love and compassion. Whenever one party is inclined to sexual acts, the other must prepare themselves and not bring excuses. The expenditure should be within the means of the husband. 3. ما حقّ الزوج علی المرأة؟»—فی حدیث إلی أن—قال: «و علیها أن تتطیّب بأطیب طیبها، و تلبس أحسن ثیابها، و تتزیّن بأحسن زینتها، و تعرض نفسها علیه غدوة و عشیّة، و أکثر من ذلک حقوقه علیها.», A woman came to the Prophet of Allah (S) and asked, ‘What are the rights of a husband regarding his wife?’ He replied, ‘Her duty is to perfume herself with the best scenting of her perfumes, and to dress in the nicest of her attires, and adorn herself with the finest of her adornments, and thus offer herself to her husband morning and night; and more than these are his rights regarding her.5. The Right to Think and Have Opinions and Beliefs, 14. Members of a family have a close relationship and common goals and interests. Protect yourselves and your families from a Fire which is fuelled by men and stones.. So below are 20 of the rights and responsibilities of husband and wife in Islam that you can always look for. Also, the wife is expected to put her best foot forward when it comes to grooming and beautifying her physical appearance for her husband. Imam Sadiq (‘a) has declared: عن أبی عبدالله (ع) قال: «جاءت امرأة إلی رسول الله (ص)، و قالت: یا رسول الله! Duties of the wife The wife’s duties towards her husband may be greater than the husband’s duties towards his wife, as Allah says: “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them” [Al-Baqarah 2:228] Most families that lack a manager do not have a desirable situation. She guards her husband’s station in the family and among the children. The woman should treat the family of her husband well: Another aspect of treating her husband well for a Muslim woman is to treat the parents of her husband well and to show them respect and appreciation. Islam greatly favors fortification of the structure of family and decent relations between spouses, and thus it has designated specific rights and responsibilities for each. According to Islam, the family is a small social unit that makes up the society. “Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). These rights and responsibilities may be summarized within two main categories: common and exclusive. The supervisory duties of men may be summarized in three categories: 1. You will need to follow the instructions in that message in order to gain full access to the site. In this post, we will try our best to list out some of the rights of a Muslim wife upon her husband in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “There is no obedience to a human being in a … Marriage is a very beautiful and pure relationship between a girl and a boy. The statement, ‘He has created for you, from yourselves, spouses’, indicates the intensity of the connection and relationship. She must not perform voluntary fasts without his permission. They are the most tender to a young child and guard what their husbands own. [Sahîh al-Bukharî]. Increase in the Well-being of the Social Environment, Mutual Rights and Responsibilities of Spouses, 2. This small unit is formed of a woman and a man and is extended by producing children. The Quran proclaims: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ... “O people of faith! In point of fact, the intent of male supervision is that correct planning for administrating the family must be first and foremost and these plans must be made through consultation and an exchange of views of other members of the family; through procuring their cooperation in managing affairs; through coming to a mutual understanding in decisions and resolving problems; and finally, having the last word in disagreements. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? She is trustworthy of her husband’s property and avoids waste, extravagance, and thriftlessness. Is it right to advise that respect can be somewhat potentially higher if the husband follows Islam and guides the family Islamically? If a wife wants to support his husband financially she can do this also. A wife should be as obedient as she can to her husband. Allah complete half faith of that person who got married. Q: I have frequently read what, according to Islamic teachings, a husband may or may not do in a dispute with his wife if he attributes it to disagreement with or misbehavior of his wife. No person shall have a burden on him greater than he can bear…”(Quran, 2:233) It’s the duty of the husband to be kind to her. MAURITIUS. 2. In return for everything the man does for her, the wife is duty bound in Islam to obey her husband in every single lawful command of his; such is the reward of this obedience to lawful commands of her husband, that if a believing woman worships Allah Subhanah as He deserves to be worshipped and obeys her husband, she may enter any of the gates of Paradise she wishes! Is it right to advise that respect can be somewhat potentially higher if the husband follows Islam and guides the family Islamically? Husband and Wife Relation ... One Islam Productions 1,601,409 views. Save yourselves and your families from the Fire whose fuel is humans and stones.”15. According to the Quran, husbands and wives of Islam are both responsible for aiding their spouse in the attainment of paradise. Portrayal of wives and husbands as one another’s clothing reflects their close connection and relationship since clothes are the closest of things to one’s body and are greatly needed in order to protect one from heat and cold, to cover imperfections, and confer tranquility and beauty. This is a mutual duty. A man has all the responsibility to ensure that he does justice with his mate because husband and wife relationship in Islam is very beautiful but sensitive as well. Just them being strong shouldn't be the reason. Q I am a Muslim female who is a feminist and believes Islam does and cannot subjugate and degrade women. Attracting the Attentions of One’s Spouse, Nafaqah (Financial Support) and its Philosophy, Section Two: The Rights and Duties of Women in the Form of Questions and Answers, Nonconformance of Publicity and Education, 3. You owe it to them to spend money on them for their food and clothes in kindness. [Sahîh Muslim]. Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. responsibilities of a woman to her husband #HUDATV. The happiness of each member depends on the happiness of the whole family. Women are oppressed and aren’t allowed inheritance which is a grave injustice and sin according to Islam. This is one of the results and requirements of supervision, which is the responsibility of men. In fact Allah entrusts a woman to her husband through marriage and a man's mistreatment with his wife would be unfaithfulness towards Allah's trust in him. All these responsibilities can be epitomized in one phrase: taking good care of one’s husband. Third Duty: Assisting them in their quest for salvation by teaching them their religion and reprimanding them for disobeying Allah. Dr. G. F. Haddad Damascus. Fifth duty: To guard his property. Respect. Also, the wife is expected to put her best foot forward when it comes to grooming and beautifying her physical appearance for her husband. Men and women have equal rights and Allah made him her protector so don’t start fighting for own rights while we should take care of each other. After marriage, men and women must consider all the members According to Islam, the family is a small social unit that makes up the society. The husband has the financial responsibility for his family in Islam, however a wife, especially one that works, should contribute to the expenses as much as she thinks is appropriate (though she mustn’t feel like she should from her husband’s side). I have given you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brain, and you are responsible for using them. 6. It is an essential right of man over his wife to be obeyed so long as his commands do not conflict or contradict the commands of Allah, the Almighty, Allah’s Apostle and the general teachings and codes of ethics of Islam. Family affairs must be performed by mutual agreement, consultation, and cooperation of the husband and wife; however, this small society, like any other society, cannot run well without a prudent and influential supervisor and manager. He must encourage her to virtuous deeds and praiseworthy behavior and dissuade her from evil deeds and indecent behavior. Allah complete half faith of that person who got married. The husband should keep in mind that his wife is his better half and she has certain rights upon him and at the home. Since 2015 Learning Islam University is sharing knowledge related to Namaz, Roza, Zakat, Hajj … Respect. Responsibilities of Muslim Women (1/2) ... Maulana Tariq Jameel bayan on Rights of Husband & Wife - Dunya News - … A husband must respect his wife and pay attention while she talks to him, so that she will respect him and pay attention to his. Learn how to recognize a … It is the husband's duty to provide a nursemaid, food for older children, and servants to clean and cook. by Sari October 26, 2017. If a sinful Muslim husband demands his rights to be fulfilled (respect, etc), what would be the wife's rights? Maintenance and Residence This can be seen as food, drink, clothing, general care and a suitable home. In short, he must free her from the fires of Hell and invite her to Heaven. Wife Responsibilities To Her Husband In Islam Malayalam 95 Islamic Marriage Quotes For Husband And Wife Updated. Support is one of the most important rights of the wife over her husband. In these cases, the husband would be prohibited from forcing the wife to have intercourse, and if he did so, he would be sinful. In these cases, the husband would be prohibited from forcing the wife … Therefore righteous women are those who are humble and who guard (in their husband’s presence and absence) his rights and secrets, which Allah has ordained to be guarded.”12.