At the plant nursery or in catalogs, a hybrid viburnum may carry a tag that reads Viburnum x burkwoodii, for zones 4 through 8, indicating that it is an interspecies cross. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. a deciduous small shrub; multistemmed; 4' to 6' tall with an equal width; upright erect form ; suckers; medium texture; moderate growth rate; Summer Foliage. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. It is a shrub growing to 1-2 m tall. Parentage is ‘Eskimo’ × V. macrocephalum f. keteleeri. It grows mostly in acid soil of pH 5.0 to 6.5, but can tolerate up to 7.5. Mapleleaf Viburnum features yellowish-white flower clusters blooming April-August. and Oberea Hardy To Zone: 4a. For me it has been semi-evergreen, another bonus. Some cultivars, like Viburnum dilatatum 'Michael Dodge', even feature an autumnal display of golden-yellow drupes among the foliage. 6. It grows in and around upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils. An even more compact form is ‘Mrs. It has medium growth that maxes out at heights of 3-6 feet tall and 3-4 feet wide. Viburnum trilobum. Size: Shrub 4 to 8 feet. Best locations for the different species are listed as Piedmont, Central (Midlands) or Coastal Plains. Fall foliage is reddish-purple. Arrowwood viburnum (Blue Muffin) Grows 6-10 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide. It is drought tolerant once established. Best viburnums to grow – Viburnum x bodnantense ‘Dawn’ This deciduous viburnum is a hybrid of two parent species, native to China and the Himalayas, respectively. They produce white or pink flowers in the spring, followed by bright red (or sometimes blue or black) fruit in the fall. V. acerifolium. Mapleleaf Viburnum is a nectar and fruit source for bees, butterflies, birds, and wildlife. More than one genetic strain is needed for good fruit set. The creamy-white, flat-topped flowers in May, black fruit in fall persisting into winter, and excellent pink to dark burgundy fall color add year-round interest. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. The digital materials (images and text) available from the UConn Plant Database are protected by copyright. In NC, it is reported in mountain and piedmont counties only. V. cassinoides. [4] It is adapted for USDA hardiness zones of 4 to 8. The leaves are in opposite pairs, 5-10 cm long and broad, three- to five-lobed, the lobes with a serrated margin. ‘Nantucket’ (#20) released in 2008 is an evergreen with large, white, slightly fragrant inflorescences and outstanding heat tolerance. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. 1. Leaves are 3 lobed, however, juvenile foliage may not always have side lobes. Light: Part shade, Shade. Maple-leaf viburnum has long been cultivated for its attractive summer flowers and foliage; then the autumn leaves turn rose-purple and contrast with the mature dark fruits. Viburnum acerifolium is a larval host to the Celastrina ladon butterfly. It grows mostly in acid soil of pH 5.0 to 6.5, but can tolerate up to 7.5. The scientific and common names refer to the superficial similarity of the leaves to those of some maples (Acer); the plant is occasionally mistaken for young maples, but is readily distinguished by the flowers and fruit; the viburnum produces small, purple berries, while maples produce dry, winged seeds. A favorite cultivar in the trade is ‘Reifler’s Dwarf’ which offers compact growth, shiny green leaves and dozens of flowers when grown in full sun. Teeth of leaf margin low and obtuse to broadly rounded or reduced to mere gland-like swellings; inflorescence on a single terminal peduncle (6–) 8–17 (–26) mm long. It attracts butterflies and birds. Grows well in dry, acid, woodland conditions. It makes it a great option for naturalizing in shady areas. Viburnum x bodnantense cultivars to grow include ‘Charles Lamont’ and ‘Dawn’. Leaves not lobed, pinnately veined (only the midrib with regular lateral veins). Viburnums are well-behaved me… Viburnum acerifolium Mapleleaf Viburnum, Dogmackie Caprifoliaceae. Fruits are black, often remaining into the winter. Flowers are pale purple in the bud, opoening to yellowish-white in May. It often will form a short colony, making it a great plant to use as a low hedge or border. Other insect feeders include the caterpillars of the butterfly Celastrina argiolus(Spring/Summer Azure), the introduced Pyrrhalta viburni(Viburnum Leaf Beetle), the wood-boring larvae of Oberea deficiens(Long-Horned Beetle sp.) It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. Public use via the Internet for non-profit and educational purposes is permitted. The shrub often ground suckers some and can form a colony in time. Optimum growth occurs in well-drained, moist soils, with partial shading; however, Use this shrub in borders, hedges, as a foundation plant or it will naturalize in woodland settings. Viburnums are part of the Caprifoliaceae family and are related to other shrubs such as the honeysuckles, the abelias, and the weigelas. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. ... Iroquois, Menomini, and Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make an infusion to relieve cramps and colic. There are about 200 native species of viburnums and numerous cultivars have been developed. Most prefer sun, … However, fall interest rarely stops at ornamental fruit. Photo by Cure Nursery Mapleleaf Viburnum is native to much of Eastern North America, inhabiting upland, dry woods. of several moths feed on Viburnums (primarily the foliage); see the Moth Tablefor a listing of these species. trilobum.) There are also several cultivars for edible fruit including Canber, Phillips, and Wentworth (from V. Ornamental Characteristics. Maple-leaved viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium) is one of our native, short shrubs in the moschatel family (Adoxaceae). 5. Mapleleaf Viburnum prefers partial shade in moist acidic well-drained soils. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. Iroquois women used a decoction of Viburnum dentatum twigs as a contraceptive. It’s also a diuretic. It’s grown for its clusters of scented, pale pink flowers and its rich autumn colour. (Viburnum was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.) Habitat. The viburnums have a wide distribution range that includes both Asia and North America. Mapleleaf viburnum (V. acerifolium) is one of the smaller viburnums, growing 5 feet by 3.5 feet. The flowers also attract beetles, wasps and various butterflies (including skippers). Shape: sparsely branched shrub. It grows in and around upland forest, able to do well in full shade and dry soils. There is a diverse manifestation of autumn color with this species from pale yellow to bright yellow to orange or pink, rose, or red-purple depending on the light exposure and weather conditions. Viburnums are deciduous or evergreen shrubs (sometimes small trees) in the elderberry family (Adoxaceae). Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Grows well under a wide range of soil and shade conditions. Viburnums are evergreen or deciduous, depending on the species and the location. Fall foliage is beautiful, ranging from pink to orange to purple. Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum acerifolium, commonly called mapleleaf viburnum, is native to eastern North America. Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. buy plants on their own rootstocks to avoid sucking, deciduous leaves in an opposite arrangement. The flowers are white with five small petals, produced in terminal cymes 4–8 centimetres (1.6–3.1 in) diameter. 6. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Prefers dry acid soil and up to deep shade. Expand. Viburnum acerifolium (Maple-leaf Viburnum or Dockmackie) is native to eastern North America from southwestern Quebec and Ontario south to northern Florida and eastern Texas. Ornamental Other: extremely shade tolerant Does not tolerate full sun. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Listed below are some common species and their cultivars. Viburnum species vary considerably in where they will thrive in South Carolina. Viburnum acerifolium, the mapleleaf viburnum, maple-leaved arrowwood[2] or dockmackie,[3] is a species of Viburnum, native to eastern North America from southwestern Quebec and Ontario south to northern Florida and eastern Texas. C. acerifolium also attracts various aphids, such as Viburnum leaf beetle, the wood-boring larvae of Oberea deficiens and Oberea tripunctata.[7]. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. It is a smaller member of the Viburnum genus, averaging only 4-6 feet tall. A low sprawling shrub 4-6' tall and 3-4' wide. Mapleleaf viburnum occurs natively on hillsides and ravine slopes, as an understory shrub in upland beech-maple forests of the Northeast and Midwest, and in rich deciduous woods along the Gulf coastal plain. The shrub often ground suckers some and can form a colony in time. Maple-leaved viburnum is a native, medium-sized under-story shrub, preferring shade and part shade conditions. Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database,, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA. Viburnum acerifolium is a larval host to the Celastrina ladon butterfly. Maple-leaved viburnum (no cultivars indicated) Grows 4-6 feet tall and 3-6 feet wide. One viburnum that has been getting more use in the garden is the small leaf viburnum, Viburnum obovatum. It is a shrub growing to 1–2 metres (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall. Leaf veins anastomosing extensively before reaching the closely crenulate-toothed margin. Use of the materials for profit is prohibited. The leaves Read the Rest… Share your thoughts on this. The fruit is a small red to purple-black drupe 4–8 mm (about 1/3") long. Many Viburnum species offer dazzling fall color that ranges from bright yellow or orange to deep shades of burgundy or purple. native to eastern United States; hardy to zone 4; Habit and Form. Grown for beautiful flower, but the flowers have no scent. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. Landscape architects and designers have often recommended it for shady, dry locations for several decades, but it is only sold at a few very large, diverse nurseries or specialty or native plant nurseries and is not generally well known in the trade or with homeowners. The flowers are followed by red berries, which turn blue-black when ripe. Viburnum acerifolium is found in such US states as Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island New York and Vermont[5] as well as Illinois, Wisconsin, Florida, Arkansas and Texas.[6]. [8],, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 06:03. It is a relatively small, rounded, suckering, deciduous, woodland shrub that typically grows to 3-6’ tall and 2-4’ wide. Cultivars No cultivars listed. College of Agriculture, Health and Natural Resources. The red berries, available from late summer to autumn, can be made into jam. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). The greatest viburnum breeder was the late Dr. Don Egolf, USNA, who released 19 cultivars.