Characteristic Ohio Plant Species for Wetland Restoration Projects v. 1.0 Ohio EPA Technical Report WET/2007-1 Ted Strickland, Governor Chris Korleski, Director State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency P.O. Plant them and forget about maintenance, except for deadheading to encourage more blooms or to stop re-seeding. Ox-Eye Sunflower: This is one of the shortest of the sunflowers. Poor root growth occurs when soil air/water balance is out of balance. Wet zone is approximately 10′ wide and has a 1-3′ rise on either side and a drop of approximately 7′ over 220′ from east to west. Small, white, daisy-like flowers with yellow centers fade to red flower atop dark green to black stems. And ensure that it has some shade, especially in hot weather. Attracts birds, butterflies, bees and beneficial insects. The … Comments: The seed pod is up to two inches long, hairy, shaped like a typical pea pod, and turns black when mature. Bright orange flower clusters bloom in mid- to late-summer. Erutuon, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). Possible planting sites include water gardens, rain gardens, pond banks, landscape beds, and naturalized areas. They are also all native. Keep this area free of other growth by weed-whacking or hand-pulling weeds for the first couple of years. It attracts butterflies and bees. The wet soggy areas have pH’s ranging from 5.5 to 6.2 and the higher areas average 6.5 to 7.0 pH. Butterfly Weed: As the name indicates, this plant attracts many varieties of butterflies, especially monarchs. areas of full sun, partial shade and full shade with several soil types), parse the site into separate zones with similar conditions and generate a separate list for each zone. The plant reaches around 1 to 1.5 feet in height and spread. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. Of the approximately 3,000 plant species known to occur in the wild in Ohio, about 75% are native (present before the time of substantial European settlement - around 1750). They reach around 2 to 4 feet tall with a 1- to 2-foot spread. Sun: Full. These plants attract butterflies and hummingbirds.Sun: Full. So make sure to promptly and completely remove rhizomes (underground stems that send up new shoots) from where you don’t want them. Chipmunks feed on seeds. The bright color and the sweet nectar attract many species of hummingbirds. Comments: Penstemon is sometimes commonly called beard tongue because the sterile stamen has a tuft of small hairs. Numerous seeds are released after each capsule splits apart. Ohio native plants have adapted over thousands of years to our local weather conditions and can survive both wet and dry spells with less maintenance than other non-native plants. Comments: Growing marsh marigold plants in moist woodlands and near ponds is simple and marsh marigold care is easy to nonexistent. Following is a partial list of native plants. Yellow Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum), 15 Best Zone 7 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 30 Easy-to-Grow Perennials for Beginning Gardeners, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape. But another possible route is simply to use plants that prefer to live in wet areas. They are very hardy perennial plants that survive in a home garden with minimal care. The database includes more than 400 native plant species that are appropriate for Northeast Ohio's climate and soil. Wet Soil Native Seed Mixes are designed for areas that contain high water tables all year long. Some well known plants, widespread in wild areas, are actually exotics which have made themselves at home. Comments: Attracts butterflies and beneficial insects. Comments: Blooms throughout the summer. Our native plants and seeds are produced locally. And watch out for pests, as this plant is susceptible to several insects. Check our Native Plants List to see what we grow. Plants marked with an * are more tolerant of very wet or periodically flooded conditions. Native to the eastern U.S., it is often found in wet areas, making it an attractive addition to a rain garden. The yellow trout lily, also known as yellow adder's tongue, grows naturally in wet woodlands and along streams in North America, and it thrives in shade. Sweet pepperbush, also known as summersweet, grows in wet woodlands and marshes, as well as along streams and seashores. It received its common name because its leaves make a squeaking noise when you rub them between your fingers. And they’re an excellent choice for growing around a pond. As a small, startup native tree and shrub nursery ourselves ( we knew the difficulty of getting the word out about our product. Even those listed as shade plants or drought-tolerant plants benefit from supplemental watering when rainfall is lacking. Comments: The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract primarily bumblebees. If you are looking for plants that absorb a lot of water, the following ten plants are a great choice. Comments: The plant requires little attention to produce tall, spiky flowers that resemble those of the snapdragon. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Add to a border, as an informal hedge or in a mass, to create four-season interest. It blooms from mid-summer to fall. Joshua Mayer, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). Moreover, winterberry is dioecious, meaning you need a corresponding plant of the opposite sex growing nearby for the plants to bear fruit. By choosing native plants for your landscaping, you are not only helping wildlife, but you are creating a healthier place for yourself, your family, and your community. It blooms from July to September. It attracts butterflies, songbirds and other migratory birds. Water regularly and deeply, so the soil never dries out. Somewhat tolerant of poor soils, Tolerant of summer heat and humidity. Prune any damaged, dead, or diseased foliage in the late winter or early spring. Gayfeather: The plant has upright blazing spikes bearing pinkish-purple tassels in July and August. Deer resistance was compiled from a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage was complied by landscape professionals  Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Cooperative Extension personnel and Master Gardeners in Northern N.J. But it also has some tolerance for dry soil. Instead, many gardeners opt for offsets from mature plants. Each flower cluster typically has 5-7 florets. It blooms in March and April. Mulch a two-foot diameter circle around each plant 2 to 3 inches deep with wood chips, straw, or leaves. Arrowwood viburnum also features showy white blooms in the late spring, as well as dark blue berries. Comments:  Can be found along stream banks, rivers, lakes and damp ground. Keep the soil around your shrub consistently moist through watering and rainfall. Richards, Creative Commons (ShareAlike 2.0 Generic). Michele Dorsey Walfred, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Also, be sure to promptly remove root suckers to prevent unwanted spreading. These shrubs generally need minimal pruning, but any shaping should be done in the early spring before seasonal growth begins. More information is available at the Native Plant Society of Northeast Ohio,  the Ohio Landscape Association and Culver's Root: White to pale lavender flowers bloom in early to mid-summer.The blooming period usually lasts about a month. If your site has many different existing conditions (i.e. If you'd prefer a shrub with golden bark, consider the yellow-twig dogwood (Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea'). Wendy Cutler, Creative Commons (2.0 Generic). Comments: Named for the vivid red color of a Roman Catholic cardinal's robe, they grow best in morning sun and afternoon shade. This plant only reaches around 2 to 3 feet tall with a slightly smaller spread. 10 Plants for Wet Areas (Moisture Loving Plants) These are some plants for wet areas and moisture-loving plants that will get your landscape noticed. Pussy willow is a wetland shrub found growing throughout North America in meadows and swamps and along streams and lakes. “Nana” dwarf fetterbush (Leucothoe fontanesiana “Nana”) -- which grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 8 -- is a deer-resistant, wet area … Wetlands, also known as marsh, bogs, and swamps, serve several important purposes in Ohio’s landscape. Of the remaining 25% (more than 700 non-native plants), fewer than 100 are known to be problems in natural areas. Swamp Milkweed:  Considered one of the most beautiful of native perennials with clusters of upturned pink flowers that bloom in July and August. It grows to around 2 to 2.5 feet in height and spread and features showy blue-violet blooms in the late spring. Cut your plant close to the ground in the late winter to promote fresh growth. Winterberry is native to swampy parts of eastern North America. There are many ornamental native plants of Ohio that make a wonderful show in the landscape. The nectar of the flowers attracts bees, bee butterflies and hummingbirds. The following native perennials perform well in moist to wet soils in partial to full sun. Read on to learn more about these plants. Drought tolerant and mildew resistant. The plant is a milkweed and at he end of blooming the flowers are followed by green pods that open to release silky "parachutes" to drift away on autumn winds. Box 1049, Lazarus Government Center, 50 W. Town Street, Columbus, Ohio 43216-1049 Give your plants some afternoon shade during the hottest part of the year. Black-eyed Susan is an easy-to-grow perennial featuring golden, daisy-like flowers with black centers. Hardy, native wetland plants aren't always easy to find at nurseries. Attracts butterflies, bees, moths and hummingbirds. It can adapt to various types of soil, as long as you keep it evenly moist. It bears fragrant mauve flowers in the summer that tend to attract butterflies. Great Blue Lobelia: This plant blooms at the end of summer. Witch Hazel Tree. 1 – Ferns USFW Midwest, Creative Commons ( 2.0 Generic), Gayfeather, or Blazing Star (Liatris spicata). You can grow the plant from seed, though it might take around five years to flower. Native plants are found along the edges of swamps, wet meadows or stream banks. They attract butterflies, bees and other nectar-seekers. 10′ tall x 15′ wide. These plants work well around water features in the garden, especially on the margins of ponds. On July 18, 2019, Ohio Governor Mike DeWine signed legislation designating the month of April as Ohio Native Plant Month. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Thrives in all but the most poorly drained soils. Horsetail plants can tolerate a variety of conditions, including those where the soil is wet. It typically grows in moist to wet locations along streams, springs and swamps. This plant is native to swamps, bogs, and damp thickets.