To take up utilitarianism first, a simple way to put the basic perspective is to say that when faced with alternative courses of possible action, morality requires us to choose the act or choice or course of action that brings about the greatest good (usually thought of as happiness) for the greatest number of people. ... For example, a country which respects the human rights to life and liberty is likely to be happier than one which permits the abuse of the weak. 1. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. However, giving a dry biscuit to a man who is dying of thirst will increase his pain. This then does not seem like it would benefit them, or the families that are depending on them for sustenance, as the short term and possibly long term effects of closing the mines means that they would not be able to support themselves financially. Click to learn more Medical triage is the use of assignment to patients based on the urgency of their wounds or illnesses to determine the order of treatments on a large number of patients or casualties. 550 Application of the ... either freedom to act, such as the autonomy to choose the health services one desires, or ... example of health policy operating in conflict with the Pareto principle is when it concerns insurance coverage for new 9). While the closure promises long term benefits, we must remember that most of the miners being affect are 50 years old or older. This bill, … All the content of this paper is her own research and point of view on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare and can be used only as an alternative perspective. Act utilitarians focus on the effects of individual actions (such as John Wilkes Booths assassin… The act that manages to fulfill this criteria is the act that is then morally right. 421 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<43B6FAA6A008684CAEE1FE37100B1CA8><2C024E7363EC574D8E2C17D820962738>]/Index[391 58]/Info 390 0 R/Length 135/Prev 597628/Root 392 0 R/Size 449/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream of service. Utilitarianism states that people should maximise human welfare or well-being (which they used to call 'utility' - hence the name). The Importance Of Ethical Ethics In GE Healthcare 959 Words | 4 Pages. As well, I find that the Health Canada authorities are not being truly virtuous when it comes to the moral trait of courage as well, as their cause to shut own the miners’ Jobs and relocate them is not a worthy cause. All the content of this paper is her own research and point of view on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare and … Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website. Utilitarianism (pronounced yoo-TILL-ih-TARE-ee-en-ism) is one of the main schools of thought in modern ethics (also known as moral philosophy). Virtues as well are such that they must not be too extreme towards either the positive end, or towards the negative end. Further, as most the workers are middle-aged and unlikely to continue working for much longer, Health Canada recommends that the mines be closed as soon as possible. As well, I will explain the utilitarian theory, and follow that by arguing that utilitarianism, as well. The word total is important here: if you act ethically according to utilitarianism, you’re not maximizing yourhappiness, but the total happiness of the whole human race. It requires the consideration of the overall happiness of an action. People and organizations exist within a code of ethics. How about make it original at only $13.9/page? Utilitarianism is an ethical theory can be briefly explained as the outcome of … Are the authorities being truly honest with the miners by alerting them to the potential health danger of exposure while playing down the other dangers such as unemployment, loss of benefits, the additional stress of relocating and having to look for new Jobs, and so on? I wall TLS examine honest. Act-utilitarianism In act-utilitarianism, we are required to promote those acts which will result in the greatest good for the greatest number of people. She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. I argue that under the principles of utilitarianism, closing the mines would ultimately be a morally wrong act to befall the miners, and consequently, the majority. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? Don't use plagiarized sources. Utilitarianism. Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology is an ethical theory concerned with duties and rights. Retrieved from, Is Your Deadline Too Short? When considering the example of the CF drug, Act Utilitarianism would ask the individual health professional to consider, for each patient, whether the likely health … Belleville, we must then In this case consider the moral character of both the authorities who are trying to shut down the mining, as well as the miners whose jobs are affected. The question is whether we need to apply this to each specific act or simply to formulating ethical rules. Our customer support team is available Monday-Friday 9am-5pm EST. More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. For example, the virtue courage is a virtue because it is a middle ground between being a coward or being extremely impulsive. Get Your Custom Essay on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare Just from $13,9/Page, We will write a custom essay sample on Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page. Topic: Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare, By clicking "Send Message", you agree to our, United States Healthcare vs. International Healthcare, Similarities Between Canada And Us Healthcare, Access to public healthcare is a necessity to everyone But growing up,, terms h�bbd```b``> "��A$��� "�:A$���&w�ɣ`�L��`s�j��@$�2�d���V6�*`�U���׀H%��L`��^`�CA��5�H*��0*, ���?�30120���30:�?��� 0�� This means that in terms of long term health effects, they are unlikely to be able to enjoy it in time or, even if they o live long enough to get the benefits of reduction to exposure, these benefits are only likely to last a few years before they pass away. Utilitarianism holds that what’s ethical (or moral) is whatever maximizes total happiness while minimizing total pain. This procedure is typically done in emergency rooms, disasters, and wars when there’s limited medical resources and they must be allocated to maximize … This is because the negatives of performing such an act outweigh the positives when it comes to benefiting the miners. This article will explore and summarise the four main ethical theories that have relevance for healthcare assistants. ... Act utilitarianism is concerned with the consequences of an act. 0 448 0 obj <>stream Application of Utilitarianism to Various Case Studies Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a simple ethical theory to both explain and assess. An example of act utilitarianism is a pharmaceutical company releasing a drug that has been governmentally approved with known side effects because the drug is able to help more people than are bothered by the minor side effects. To see what's at issue, consider an example. Hedonism states … The term beneficence connotes acts or personal qualities of mercy, kindness, generosity, and charity. For example, assume a hospital has four people whose lives depend upon receiving organ transplants: a heart, lungs, a kidney, and a liver. When applying virtue theory to the case of shutting down coalmining In the town of. It is necessary to think about not only the positive outcomes, but also the negative outcomes; and, how an action affects other people, directly and […] Subject: Health, Parent topic: Utilitarianism is a demanding ethical theory that may require us to substantially change how we act. the option that maximizes utility, for example when a lie can spare a patient unnecessary stress and when there is no risk of its being discovered. By this criterion, actions considered by themselves are morally neutral—it all depends on … h�b```b``����� $� ̀ �,l@�q�AQ�)���j;�o3lp�b*>����;3�����r�޾�w;XcF�Rw��}b;� 12Ꜻs�/��yp�O.ݝ�U�ٜ���Ͳ|��S����9�n�ur�D.�\. Through these means, th… Act utilitarianism would lead to the conclusion that it is therefore morally obligatory to lie under such circumstances. In the famous American television medical drama, Dr. House prefers to take into account specific circumstances, therefore he thinks rather as utilitarian of the act. endstream endobj startxref The main idea of utilitarian ethics is: secure the greatest good for the greatest numb… This sample is completed by Emma with Health Care as a major. As well, utilitarianism is bias- free, in that the happiness levels of your close friends and family do not take priority ever the happiness levels of the neighbors next door, or of people in countries that you have never visited and will never know. These theories have a broad application in different disciplines including the healthcare. Would favor the continued operation of the coalmines. Let Professionals Help You, Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59, Let us edit for you at only $13.9/page to make it 100% original. There are acceptable and unacceptable behaviors. %PDF-1.6 %���� Act utilitarianism often shows “the end justifies the means” mentality. For example, utilitarians aim to maximise utility (the state of being useful or beneficial) Define Egalitarian. This paper critically discusses the strengths and weakness of these two theories as they apply to ethical decision making in healthcare. She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. It's Free! %%EOF Let’s consider the specific examples. However, what about saving a suicide bomber from drowning, especially if he is about t… Utilitarianism as an ethical theory Utilitarianism is the view that an act is right if it equals the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. “Utilitarianism is the moral doctrine that we should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our actions” (9). How about receiving a customized one? Utilitarianism says that we should make helping others a very significant part of our lives. In essence, therefore, the premises of utilitarianism can be referred to as a variation or extension of the philosophy of consequentialism. Thus, the overarching maxim of Utilitarianism is, “Act in such a way as to generate the maximum quantum of well-being, happiness, or utility”, or in Bentham’s famous dictum, “the greatest good for the greatest number” . Virtue, knowledge, and goodwill are all good but they are only good if they give people a pleasurable existence. In the context of global health, this implies: 1. Utilitarianism Examples In Healthcare. Universal health care has been a much debated topic in the United States recently due to the health care bill that was passed in May of 2010. The experts divide the utilitarianism by two types: the act and the rule utilitarianism. Health Canada states that to allow the workers to work in such conditions “creates ill-health and consequent unhappiness” (Argument for Paper 2 11. Want to add some juice to your work? Modern Virtue theory argues that we should determine what makes a person good or bad by whether he or she has certain virtues In their character. Rule utilitarianism would instead In helping others, we should try to use our resources to do the most good, impartially considered, that we can. 32 terms. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The default scenario in which scientific ethics comes into play is that of a cure that has the potential to save millions of lives, but the clinical trial has the potential to kill the testers. Now, before we proceed towards looking at some examples, let us discuss this idea a little in detail. This would also have the result in increasing the workers’ happiness levels, as by moving away to seek other employment, they would be less exposed to the health hazards and therefore maximize their health and freedom (Argument for Paper 2). We could therefore conclude that while Health Canada might be performing a courageous act by asking the miners to relocate, it is not for a worthy cause, and therefore their behavior is invidious. According to act utilitarianism, the right act is the act that produces the best consequences. The consequences of the act of giving money to charity would be considered right in act-utilitarianism, because the money increases the happiness of many people, rather than just yourself. Therefore, it is more beneficial for the workers in the long run that the mine be shut down, as any economic stress suffered by the workers would be compensated for by the workers moving away from the gizzards source in order to find new Jobs elsewhere. I will first explicate on the theory of utilitarianism. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. I will then explicate the main points of virtue theory. (2019, Dec 05). Health Canada argues that coalmines in Belleville, Nova Scotia, need to be closed down as it has extremely harmful effects on its workers. 391 0 obj <> endobj Mill himself was somewhat unclear about this but 20th century utilitarians developed a distinction between two approaches: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. She is a student at Emory University, Atlanta. In the case of the authorities, while they might regard themselves as having the good’ virtues, such as of honesty and courage, of their attempt to shut down the mines, I feel that the ultimate outcome of this intent does not reflect the virtues that are supposed to have created this shutdown, and therefore the traits are not morally good Let us KICK at ten two vultures AT nonsense Ana courage. words(double Utilitarianism is a philosophical theory which states that that which is right is what brings the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest maximum number of people. Whether actions lead to unhappiness or happiness depends on the circumstances. For example, giving a dry biscuit to a starving man will reduce his pain. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. We can find a lot of examples of utilitarianism in the annals of world history. For example, the fact that an act is a crime, or results from a vicious character trait, does not make it wrong; moreover, such a fact does not detract from its moral value at all, according to act utilitarianism. It seems like they are not being wholly truthful, as they have failed to highlight the other potential health dangers of closing down the mine. This ethical conflict has gained renewed importance with the passage of the Affordable Care Act(ACA) of 2010, which broadens health care coverage primarily through market mechanisms . For example, traits such as courage, honesty, generosity, In a person, If they have these traits, would make the person count as a good person. This sample is completed by Emma with Health Care as a major. While it Is true that keeping the mines open leads to economic benefits, these benefits are outweighed by the adverse health effects that the miners In turn suffer as a result of their inherent working conditions. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 48 terms. Rule utilitarianism is concerned with the amount of good when the rule is followed. Utilitarianism also has trouble accounting for values such as justice and individual rights. The founder of deontological ethics was a German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. It is suggestive of altruism, love, humanity, and promoting the good of others. Don't Miss a Chance to Connect With Experts. These are: utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics and principlism. The former states that working in mines leads to an increased chance of contracting pulmonary disease. Let us consider this case from a utilitarian perspective. Following that, I will argue that the tenets of virtue theory instead works In favor of letting the miners keep their Job. Want to get a price estimate for your Essay? It can be discussed to which extent GE Healthcare has an ethical responsibility in the way their equipment is used. In short, the negative potential for happiness is a certainty, while the positive potential for happiness is only theoretical. At you will find a wide variety of top-notch essay and term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely for free. Act utilitarianism vs rule utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is fundamentally welfarist in its philosophy. As such, the virtues are virtues such that if it is good for a person to possess such a character trait, then it is a virtue. Saving a loving mother from drowning will make her, her husband, children, other relatives, and friends very happy. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Utilitarianism in Health Care Utilitarianism in Healthcare Introduction Ethics is concerned with prescribing and describing moral requirements and behaviors of a person. spaced), Paper type: Essay , The Concepts of Beneficence and Benevolence. An important distinction in Utilitarianism is whether it should be concerned with the consequences of individual actions (a position that is called Act Utilitarianism) or with the overall consequences of having particular rules (a position that is called Rule Utilitarianism). Example of consequentialism theories is the utilitarianism theory and the principlism theories. Utilitarian Ethics Examples. People who had previously been unable to obtain insurance because of a preexisting medical condition or low income are now guaranteed access to coverage through a reformed private market for individual policies and the expansion of Medicaid, which in most states is administered by private plans . PHIL 101 Utilitarianism. A key point in this article concerns the distinction between individual actions and types of actions. Utilitarians describe moral actions as actions that boost something good and lessen something that is bad. As a result, whenever we consider what is a morally right action to do, we have to keep in mind that the action that would make it so that the accumulated level of happiness in the majority would be higher than the accumulated number of unhappiness in a majority. Finally, we saw above that according to act utilitarianism, nothing other than overall well-being matters to the moral value of an act. Here you will also find the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your research paper well-formatted and your essay highly evaluated. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. No problem! If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. 2.2 Utilitarian Ethics Utilitarian ethics is a normative ethical system that is primarily concerned with the consequences of ethical decisions; therefore it can be described as a teleological theory or consequentialist theory, which are essentially the same thing, both having a notion that the consequence of the act is the most important determinant of the act being moral or not.