Alf. explains it: secundum competentiam singulorum, ut: altis spiritualia, lac distribuere parvulis, so that Paul is directing Timothy to preach the word according to his hearers’ capacity of understanding. This is practically involved in the vaguer rendering given by the Revisers handling aright the word of truth (the Vulgate has recte tractantem); but the literal and primary meaning of ὀρθοτομεῖν cannot be to handle aright. ἀνεπαίσχυντος is ἐργάτης δόλιος, 2 Corinthians 11:13), rightly administering (the meaning of ὀρθοτομέω is very variously derived and explained,—‘recte secare’ being unquestionably the rendering. 1863-1878. Greek. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". rightly dividing — “rightly handling” [Vulgate]; “rightly administering” [Alford]; literally, cutting “straight” or “right”: the metaphor being from a father or a steward (1 Corinthians 4:1) cutting and distributing bread among his children [Vitringa and Calvin], (Luke 12:42). Eur. 2 Corinthians 10:18, οὐ γὰρ ὁ ἑαυτὸν συνιστάνων, ἐκεῖνός ἐστιν δόκιμος, ἀλλὰ ὅν ὁ Κύριος συνίστησιν. engrates. Audio Study - 2 Timothy 2:1-5. He said of them that he would be ashamed at his second coming. For biographical information on Timothy (see Introduction to 1 Timothy: Title). To illustrate this we may refer to a passage in St. Jude, where the apostle thus expresses himself “Of some have compassion, making a difference; and others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire.” Here you have gentle treatment prescribed; and you have also harsh treatment. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Drudgery - boring - day in day our - same - o - same - o. The R.V., handling aright, follows the Vulg., recte tractantem, and gives the general sense well enough. This is the meaning also according to Luther’s translation: “who rightly parts the word of truth;” but the thought is entirely foreign to the context.(34). But what I want about my religion is that it should be work. The difficulties attending its performance; which is the trial of sincerity. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. Lit. Eurip. N.T.ooClass. 15 Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth. "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". Study — Greek, “Be earnest,” or “diligent.”. but Theodoret thinks it is a metaphor taken from husbandmen. 1685. 3d, With power and authority, Matthew 7:29; 1 Thessalonians 1:5. Others, again, have found in it the figure of dividing the bread, which is the office of the household steward; or of dividing the sacrificial victims; or of cutting a straight furrow with the plough. Please God, much. Hastings.). He declared on his return that among a people so stubborn and barbarous success was impossible. There are many that do not know their flock well enough to prepare properly. Copyright StatementCopyright 2008. (15) Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed.—Timothy, and those in the position of Timothy, were to show themselves approved unto God, by turning others, over whom they possessed influence, from the pursuit of vain and unprofitable things. NKJV Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. Barnes adds a thought that is worth bringing up. All other rights reserved. The literal meaning and force of the ὀρθὸς is rather to be retained in ὀρθοτομοῦντα: for in the passages quoted [where ὀρθοτομεῖν is in the LXX.] Another thing very necessary to a correct division of the word of truth is that the promises and threatenings contained in the Scriptures be applied to the characters to which they properly belong. I must not allow that his difficulties are any excuse for the offence. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-2.html. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". The words have the following basic meaning: The old expositors understood this as a reference to making the proper division between the law and the gospel, between the Old Testament and the New Testament; and, in view of the basic meaning of the words here rendered "handling aright," there is absolutely nothing wrong with such an exegesis. DD. : and so Agapetus, in Wetst., παρʼ ἄλλῳ εὑρεθέντα μηδαμῶς παρορᾷ, ἀλλὰ μανθάνει μὲν ἀνεπαισχύντως: but the above seems more according to the context. 14 Of these things put them in remembrance, charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers. #1 “Do your best…” “You must be perfect as your Heavenly Father is perfect” (Mt 5:48). Be a good worker, one who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly explains the word of truth. Give diligence (σπουδασον — spoudason). Working hard for a faithful God. A more precise limitation is given in the next words: παραστῆσαι τῷ θεῷ; comp. Positively he is to ‘study zealously’ to present himself before God as one who is ‘accepted after testing’, that is, as one who is the genuine and well-proved article. Rightly dividing the word of truth.—Better rendered rightly laying out the word of truth. And so Paul would have Timothy make a straight furrow right through the word of truth. This is why Paul wrote to Timothy to encourage and strengthen him by this farewell epistle. Many have given interpretation of the Word, but not all is truth. Why, he will be no match for these apostles of infidelity! These qualities may well relate to that study and approval aspect. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Paul could no longer write of the house of God or the church of the living God (1 Timothy 3:15). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-2.html. Converse with refined and well-informed persons. H. E. iv. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Or rather, the metaphor may be taken from the distribution made by a steward in delivering out to each person under his care such things as his office and their necessities require; or to the action of one who carves at a table, and distributes meat to the guests, according to their ages, and their state of health. 1. Suppose I were to preach to you in Hebrew, how much would you understand? I care but little for popular applause, but I desire to secure the approbation of God. ‘Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be asbamed.’. The pastors famous line was that he didn't prepare his messages, that the Spirit gave them to him as he stepped into the pulpit. But the text invites us, in the next place, to consider the Christian minister in His office as a public teacher. To affirm (see Alford and Huther-Meyer) that the notion of “cutting” had been gradually lost, and that the word already in the time of St. Paul signified simply “to manage rightly,” “to treat truthfully without falsifying,” and that the exact opposite is to corrupt or adulterate the Word of God (2 Corinthians 2:17), seems premature. 1765. I do not want those parts which are dropping off on the right, and round tiffs corner; they are very good leather, but I cannot just now make use of them. ), I know a clergyman who valued as one of the best testimonies to his pulpit ministry the remark of a servant, overheard by a friend, after a sermon specially addressed to servants: “One would think he had been a servant himself.” (J. C. Miller, D. D.), On the fly-leaf of a Greek Testament used by Dr. John Gregg, Bishop of York, are carefully written out the following memoranda for his own guidance. Some might suggest the division into dispensations - some might suggest the division into covenants etc. ἐργάτην ἀνεπαίσχυντον, a workman who is not to be put to shame, sc. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-2.html. Do you know what it is to go into this busy, noisy city, and when the temptation comes with its whole force a thousandfold stronger, perhaps, because you have been wrestling in prayer, then to fight against it and nail the temptation to the Cross of Christ? “You do not act like one.” “I have my plans as well as others--the results may not appear as soon, perhaps.” “Are you engaged in some great work?” “I am; but the work does not relate to literature or science. Much on method; therefore arrange. I. (6) Huther’s own view, that, the original meaning being ‘rightly to divide,’ the idea of τέμνειν was gradually lost, as in καινοτομεῖν, so that the word came to signify ‘to manage rightly,’ ‘to treat truthfully without falsifying’, seems to approach the nearest to the requirements of the context: the opposite being, as he observes, καπηλεύειν τὸν λόγον τοῦ θεοῦ, 2 Corinthians 2:17. I will show you what I mean here. All rights reserved. ), Literally “cutting straight.” The figure has been very variously derived; from a priest dividing the victim, the steward distributing the bread or stores, a stonemason, a carpenter, a ploughman, a road-cutter. 1897-1910. New York, USA. (H. O. Dividing aright the word of truth. Exercise your powers in public often, and always do your best. “I have but just one remark to make,” was his reply, “and that is, to request you to pray that sermon.” “What do you mean, sir? “Was it their stubbornness or your severity?” asked Ardan, a brother sitting by; “did you forget God’s word to give them the milk first and then the meat?” (H. O. If you are asked to preach religious truth to a sceptic, do not ask him to believe that the whale swallowed Jonah; or that, one day, the sun stood still while an army fought out its battle. A workman that doth not blush Erasmus translates ἀνεπαίσχυντον “ that ought not to blush.” I do not find fault with that rendering, but prefer to explain it actively, “that doth not blush;”, both because that is the more ordinary meaning of the word as used by Greek writers, and because I consider it to agree better with the present passage. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". in the Clementine Constt. "The Bible Study New Testament". x. l. 2 we have the term ογμον αγειν ορθον, — to draw, or make a straight furrow. {a} χρη το αυτο φθεγγεσθαι τον ρητορα και τον νομον. 2 Timothy 2:4 "No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of [this] life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier." ἐργάτην ἀνεπαισχυντον] ἐργάτης specially de opere rustico; used, besides, of the work in the field of God’s kingdom (2 Corinthians 11:13; Philippians 3:2). 15. Paul recognized that his earthly life was likely coming to an end soon. Rhes. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". The word in itself means: “cut rightly,” or, according to Pape: “cut straight, in straight direction;” then, the notion of τέμνειν falling into the background, as is often the case with καινοτομεῖν, it has the more general signification: “deal rightly with something so as not to falsify it.”(33), Hofmann’s explanation is curious: “cut straight through the word of truth, i.e. I am not ambitious, perhaps, in the ordinary sense of the term. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-2.html. Apol. Of these, that of the ploughman seems to give the best meaning; but I am disposed to think that we may perhaps class this among the medical words with which these Epistles abound, and see in it a reference to the work of the surgeon, in which any deflection from the true line of incision might be perilous or even fatal. BibliographyGill, John. [In ancient English, study meant to do your best.] Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. But this word or truth, we are told, is to be “rightly divided”; that is, we may interpret the expression, to have all its parts distributed and disposed after some law of connection and coherence and scientific unity. The Bible was not given to teach men philosophy, or the arts which have respect to this life; its object is to teach the true knowledge of God, and the true and only method of salvation. It would be like giving straw to a hungry god. St Paul offers what amounts to a definition of ὁ λόγος τῆς ἀληθείας in Ephesians 1:13, viz. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-2.html. Now that is just where most people do not think about religion. By this term he indirectly reproves the foolishness of those who so greatly torment themselves by doing nothing. It makes us ashamed not to live up “to what we have attained” (Phil 3:16). The last has been most frequently adopted. zealous) to make sure that when he stood before God he would receive the Lord"s approval and not be ashamed (cf. "Need not be ashamed." The convictions of truth and duty, which are made by his preaching to the consciences of sinners. Just as when Canaan was conquered, it was divided by lot among the tribes, so the preacher has to tell of Canaan, that happy land, and he has to tell of the land of darkness and of death-shade, and to let each man know where his last abode will be. Read aloud various passages and portions. rendering, where the word is so used), “or drawing a furrow, the merit of which consists in the straightness with which the work of cutting, or laying out, is performed. 33 (Grot.) First Timothy 2:15 is considered by some who study it as a statement to be dismissed as lacking authority and irreconcilable with other teachings of Scripture. ; but here one particular kind of truth is referred to, called the word of truth--that is, the truth of the Word of God--the truth of Divine revelation--theological truth. and Œc.— τέμνε τὰ νόθα, καὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα μετὰ πολλῆς τῆς σφοδρότητος ἐφίστασο καὶ ἔκκοπτε, does not seem to belong to the word. But the "rightly" suits better the former image. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1973), Vol. (8) It is plain that the patristic usages of it, as e.g. 2 Timothy 2:15. The salvation of souls is the work He is most interested in, and to the successful prosecution of which He has promised the largest rewards.” (H. L. It is that, in reality, they are not giving God their best. This means: (1) presenting the truth clearly and accurately; (2) giving milk to those who need it (Hebrews 5:11-14; 1 Corinthians 3:1-2). Go to. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Some mutilate it, others tear it, others torture it, others break it in pieces, others, keeping by the outside, (as we have said,) never come to the soul of doctrine. Prepare well for each public occasion. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Such doctrines should be preached, and such plans formed, and such a manner of life pursued, as God will approve. The pastor/teacher that is too busy to prepare properly is not doing the Lord"s will. "[23] Alan G. Nute summed up the meaning of this verse as "An appeal for a straightforward, balanced exegesis of holy Scripture."[24]. Much on preparation; therefore be diligent. III. Rightly dividing the word of truth.— The Vulgate, no doubt, has given in general the true sense of this expression, by rendering it, Recte tractantem verbum veritatis, "rightly handling the word of truth:" but it is not so easy to determine, whence in particular the metaphorical word ' Ορθοτομουντα, cutting aright, or straight, is taken. (W. He must recognise that what he believes and teaches must pass the test of the inspection of God. Rightly dividing , [ orthotomounta (Greek #3718)] - 'rightly handling' (Vulgate). And, oh, beloved, there is one thing that I dread above all others--lest I should ever handle the word of God so as to persuade some of you that you are saved when you are not. ( ἐπαινοῦμεν τῶν γεωργῶν τοὺς εὐθείας τὰς αὔλακας ἀνατέμνοντας), Lamb-Bos, al., from plowers, who are said τέμνειν τὴν γῆν, σχίζειν and ἐπισχίζειν ἀρούρας: (5) Most Commentators, from the more general form of the last explanation, the cutting a way or a road: as ‘ καινοτομεῖν, novam viam secare, nova via incedere,’ so ‘ ὀρθοτομεῖν, rectam viam secare,’ but here used transitively, the λόγος τῆς ἀληθείας being itself the ὁδός: so in Proverbs 11:5, δικαιοσύνη ἀμώμους ὀρθοτομεῖ ὁδούς, and Eurip. "diligent" (lit. Notwithstanding she shall be saved Not Eve, though no doubt she is saved; since she had a sense of her sin, and shame for it, a revelation of the Messiah to her, and faith in him; see ( Genesis 3:7 Genesis 3:8 Genesis 3:15) ( 4:2) .But rather any woman, particularly such …